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Triglycerides

Triglycerides are esters comprised of three fatty acids and glycerol backbone, and are the primary storage form of fatty acids in the body. There are many different kinds of triglycerides depending on the type of fatty acid. High levels of circulating triglycerides are a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and suggest metabolic inefficiency.

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Human Effect Matrix

The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what supplements affect triglycerides.
Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Supplement Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
grade-a Strong Very High See all 44 studies
Fish oil, both EPA and DHA, are reference drugs for the purpose of reducing triglycerides with highly reliable reductions in the range of 15-30% (higher reductions seen in persons with higher baseline triglycerides)
grade-a Minor Very High See all 15 studies
There appears to be quite an unreliable decrease in triglycerides following garlic supplementation. When looking at meta-analyses, there is either a significant but small decrease or a reduction that fails to reach statistical significance.
grade-a - Very High See all 17 studies
Chromium does not appear to have a role in reducing triglyceride concentrations in the serum of subjects, including diabetic subjects given chromium supplementation.

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