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Taurine

Taurine is an organic acid with a sulfur in it. It is found in foods, in highest amounts in meats, and is a heart and blood healthy agent that can confer a wide variety of health benefits. Its most well known usage is to reduce cramping caused by fat burners like ephedrine.

Our evidence-based analysis on taurine features 126 unique references to scientific papers.

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Last Updated:

Summary of Taurine

Primary information, health benefits, side effects, usage, and other important details

Taurine is an organic acid which acts as a lipid/membrane stablilizer in the body and can aid various anti-oxidant defense systems.

Taurine exerts most of its benefits vicariously though other compounds in the body, but exerts some of its own on a cellular level. It is being heavily researched as an anti-diabetic compound due to its actions on organs of the body of most concern to diabetics (kidney, eye, nerve health) as well as controlling blood sugar while reducing some forms of insulin resistance.

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How to Take

Medical Disclaimer

Recommended dosage, active amounts, other details

Dosages between 500mg-2,000mg have shown efficacy, although the upper limit for toxicity is placed at a much greater level and high doses are well-tolerated.

The upper limit for which one can be relatively assured no side effects will occur over a lifetime has been suggested to be 3g a day.

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Human Effect Matrix

The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what effects taurine has on your body, and how strong these effects are.
Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Outcome Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
grade-c Notable - See study
The improvement in blood flow seen in type 1 diabetics was sufficient to normalize to a non-diabetic control group
grade-c - - See study
grade-c - Very High See 2 studies
Despite the improvement in blood flow, no significant influence on blood pressure
grade-c - - See study
grade-c - Very High See all 3 studies
No significant influence on heart rate following Taurine supplementation
grade-c - - See study
grade-c - - See study
grade-c - - See study
grade-d Minor - See study
An improvement in walking distance has been noted
grade-d - - See study
No significant influence on weight noted with supplementation

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Frequently Asked Questions and Articles on Taurine

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Things to Note

Is a Form Of

Other Functions:

Also Known As

2-aminoethane sulphonic acid, L-Taurine

Do Not Confuse With

Tacrine

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Click here to see all 126 references.