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Irvingia gabonensis

Irvingia Gabonensis (African Mango) is a supplement derived from the seeds of the plant known as African Mango (not related to common Mango fruits); there is insufficient evidence to support its usage as a fat burning supplement, and it may merely be a vessel for fiber and fatty acids.

Our evidence-based analysis on irvingia gabonensis features 26 unique references to scientific papers.

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Summary of Irvingia gabonensis

Primary information, health benefits, side effects, usage, and other important details

Irvingia gabonensis is a seed with a high fat content, with little to no historical medicinal usage but is either used in production for cosmetics or other products (due to the physical properties of fatty acids in general) and is sometimes used as a soup thickening agent. The fatty acids in question are mostly saturated and either medium or long in chain length.

This seed is touted to be a fat burning agent based on subpar evidence, as all studies conducted right now have a degree of methodological flaw associated with them and some are confounded with financial support from producers of irvingia gabonensis supplementation. There are no known unique bioactives known yet from irvingia gabonensis that are not located in other food products.

The seed may have health properties in some instances, like most food products do; that being said, there is not enough evidence to support the usage of this seed for any particular use yet.

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How to Take

Medical Disclaimer

Recommended dosage, active amounts, other details

Supplemental dosages of irvingia gabonensis are quite variable, being anywhere between 150-3,200mg taken daily alongside meals. The optimal or effective dose is not currently known, but since the dietary fiber may be the active ingredient then supplementing in the higher end of the aforementioned range may be prudent.

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Human Effect Matrix

The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what effects irvingia gabonensis has on your body, and how strong these effects are.
Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Outcome Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
grade-c Minor - See study
An increase in adiponectin is noted with irvingia gabonensis, but this result is somewhat unreliable due to being confounded with both weight loss and industry influence
grade-c Minor - See study
May reduce fasting blood glucose following prolonged supplementation; confounded with both weight loss (seen in trials) and industry influence
grade-c Minor - See study
A decrease in blood pressure has been noted with weight loss associated with this supplement; no inherent blood pressure reduction has been demonstrated
grade-c Minor - See study
A decrease in C-reactive protein has been noted, confounded with weight loss and industry influence
grade-c Minor - See study
A decrease in fat mass has been detected, but may be due to industry influence; independent trials are needed. Mechanism appears to be from suppressing food intake
grade-c Minor Very High See 2 studies
An increase has been noted, but not to a remarkable degree. Independent trials need to be conducted to confirm.
grade-c Minor Very High See 2 studies
A decrease in LDL-C has been noted, confounded with both weight loss and industry influence.
grade-c Minor - See study
May decrease leptin, but is confounded with weight loss
grade-c Minor Very High See 2 studies
A decrease in total cholesterol has been noted, but is confounded with weight loss
grade-c Minor - See study
A decrease in triglycerides has been noted, confounded with weight loss
grade-c Minor Very High See 2 studies
Decreased body weight has been noted when african mango is consumed before meals, which may be secondary to reduced food intake; studies are somewhat confounded by industry influence.

Studies Excluded from Consideration

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Things to Note

Is a Form Of

Primary Function:

Also Known As

African Wild Mango, African Mango Extract, African Bush Mango, Dika nut

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Click here to see all 26 references.