Cell Adhesion Factors

Cell Adhesion Factors are small targets expressed by blood vessels and organs to attract immune cells (and 'adhere' them to the cell) and draw them into tissue. Suppressing these factors is immunosuppressive, but may alleviate artherosclerosis.


Research analysis by and verified by the Examine.com Research Team. Last updated on Apr 29, 2017.

Human Effect Matrix

The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what supplements affect cell adhesion factors

Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Outcome Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
Fish Oil
All comparative evidence is now gathered in our ​Supplement Goals Reference.
The evidence for each separate supplement is still freely available ​here.
Vitamin E  
Olive leaf extract  
Curcumin  
Hesperidin  
Polypodium leucotomos  
Red Clover Extract  
Tetradecyl Thioacetic Acid  
Zinc  
Chromium  
Cocoa Extract  
Colostrum  
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)  
Artichoke Extract  
Blueberry  
Royal Jelly