Chinese hawthorn

Last Updated: September 28 2022

Crataegus pinnatifida, also known as Chinese hawthorn, is a berry that is being investigated for its anti-inflammatory and anti-allergy effects.

Chinese hawthorn is most often used for


Crataegus pinnatifida, also known as Chinese hawthorn, is a berry traditionally used to improve heart health.

Crataegus pinnatifida is sometimes recommended as a supplement to control lipid levels. Crataegus pinnatifida may be able to block lipid absorption in the intestines, but this effect is unreliable and needs further study.

Crataegus pinnatifida has a more powerful effect on restricting lipid absorption than orlistat, an anti-obesity drug. An ethanolic extract of Crataegus pinnatifida leaves was found to have a stronger anti-allergic effect than Montelukast, a brand name drug for asthma and allergy relief.

There have been no human studies done on Crataegus pinnatifida, and the two main effects of the plant, reduced lipid absorption and allergy relief, have not been linked to any bioactive compounds in the plant.

Though preliminary evidence suggests the fruit and leaves of Crataegus pinnatifida are a promising heart supplement, there is not enough evidence for its effects to specifically recommend the plant for supplementation.

What else is Chinese hawthorn known as?
Note that Chinese hawthorn is also known as:
  • Chinese Hawthorn
  • Shanzha
  • Shanlihong
  • Yixintong (tablets)
  • Crataegus Pinnatifida
Chinese hawthorn should not be confused with:
  • Undaria pinnatifida (source of fucoxanthin and a seaweed rather than a berry)

Don't miss out on the latest research

1.^Song SJ, Li LZ, Gao PY, Yuan YQ, Wang RP, Liu KC, Peng YIsolation of Antithrombotic Phenolic Compounds from the Leaves of Crataegus pinnatifidaPlanta Med.(2012 Oct 31)
2.^Liu P, Kallio H, Lü D, Zhou C, Ou S, Yang BAcids, sugars, and sugar alcohols in Chinese hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) fruitsJ Agric Food Chem.(2010 Jan 27)
6.^Min BS, Huong HT, Kim JH, Jun HJ, Na MK, Nam NH, Lee HK, Bae K, Kang SSFuro-1,2-naphthoquinones from Crataegus pinnatifida with ICAM-1 expression inhibition activityPlanta Med.(2004 Dec)
8.^Zhang PC, Zhou YJ, Xu SXTwo novel flavonoid glycosides from Crataegus pinnatifida Bge.var.major N.E.BrJ Asian Nat Prod Res.(2001)
9.^Jurikova T, Sochor J, Rop O, Mlcek J, Balla S, Szekeres L, Adam V, Kizek RPolyphenolic Profile and Biological Activity of Chinese Hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida BUNGE) FruitsMolecules.(2012 Dec 6)
10.^Cui T, Li JZ, Kayahara H, Ma L, Wu LX, Nakamura KQuantification of the polyphenols and triterpene acids in chinese hawthorn fruit by high-performance liquid chromatographyJ Agric Food Chem.(2006 Jun 28)
11.^Ye XL, Huang WW, Chen Z, Li XG, Li P, Lan P, Wang L, Gao Y, Zhao ZQ, Chen XSynergetic effect and structure-activity relationship of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors from Crataegus pinnatifida BgeJ Agric Food Chem.(2010 Mar 10)
13.^Kao ES, Wang CJ, Lin WL, Yin YF, Wang CP, Tseng THAnti-inflammatory potential of flavonoid contents from dried fruit of Crataegus pinnatifida in vitro and in vivoJ Agric Food Chem.(2005 Jan 26)
14.^Wang T, An Y, Zhao C, Han L, Boakye-Yiadom M, Wang W, Zhang YRegulation effects of Crataegus pinnatifida leaf on glucose and lipids metabolismJ Agric Food Chem.(2011 May 11)
17.^Min BS, Kim YH, Lee SM, Jung HJ, Lee JS, Na MK, Lee CO, Lee JP, Bae KCytotoxic triterpenes from Crataegus pinnatifidaArch Pharm Res.(2000 Apr)
22.^Ying XX, Wang F, Cheng ZZ, Zhang WJ, Li HB, Du Y, Liu X, Wang SY, Kang TGPharmacokinetics of vitexin-4″-O-glucoside in rats after intravenous applicationEur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet.(2012 Jun)
23.^Liu X, Wang D, Wang SY, Meng XS, Zhang WJ, Ying XX, Kang TGLC determination and pharmacokinetic study of hyperoside in rat plasma after intravenous administrationYakugaku Zasshi.(2010 Jun)
24.^Tao W, Deqin Z, Yuhong L, Hong L, Zhanbiao L, Chunfeng Z, Limin H, Xiumei GRegulation effects on abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism of TZQ-F, a new kind of Traditional Chinese MedicineJ Ethnopharmacol.(2010 Apr 21)
26.^Kuo DH, Yeh CH, Shieh PC, Cheng KC, Chen FA, Cheng JTEffect of shanzha, a Chinese herbal product, on obesity and dyslipidemia in hamsters receiving high-fat dietJ Ethnopharmacol.(2009 Jul 30)
27.^Huang W, Ye X, Li X, Zhao Z, Lan P, Wang L, Liu M, Gao Y, Zhu J, Li P, Feng PThe inhibition activity of chemical constituents in hawthorn fruit and their synergistic action to HMG-CoA reductaseZhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.(2010 Sep)
31.^Tadić VM, Dobrić S, Marković GM, Dordević SM, Arsić IA, Menković NR, Stević TAnti-inflammatory, gastroprotective, free-radical-scavenging, and antimicrobial activities of hawthorn berries ethanol extractJ Agric Food Chem.(2008 Sep 10)
32.^Wang T, Zhang P, Zhao C, Zhang Y, Liu H, Hu L, Gao X, Zhang DPrevention effect in selenite-induced cataract in vivo and antioxidative effects in vitro of Crataegus pinnatifida leavesBiol Trace Elem Res.(2011 Jul)
34.^Kwon HJ, Kim YY, Choung SYAmelioration effects of traditional Chinese medicine on alcohol-induced fatty liverWorld J Gastroenterol.(2005 Sep 21)
36.^Shin HS, Lee JM, Park SY, Yang JE, Kim JH, Yi THHair Growth Activity of Crataegus pinnatifida on C57BL/6 Mouse ModelPhytother Res.(2012 Nov 12)