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Summary of Alcohol
Primary information, health benefits, side effects, usage, and other important details
Alcohol, otherwise known as Drinking alcohol or ethanol, is the main ingredient in a wide range of social drinks and the reason for the differentiation between 'Alcoholic' and 'Non-alcoholic' drinks.
It is a neuroactive chemical that is able to change one's perception, and has a unique metabolic pattern relative to other sources of calories (the macronutrients; carbohydrates, proteins, and dietary fats). It contributes 7 calories per gram energy-wise, but this does not always correlate well with bodyweight like the other macronutrients do.
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How to TakeMedical Disclaimer
Recommended dosage, active amounts, other details
Abstinence from drinking is defined as having no ethanol intake whatsoever.
"Moderate" drinking in the literature is dependent on gender and not ultimately defined, but an upper limit can be placed at 9 units per week for women and 12-14 units a week for men, with no single event exceeding 4 units.
A unit is typically 12 oz (355 mL) of 5% beer, 5 oz (150 mL) 12.5% wine, or 1.5 oz (45 mL) of drinks with a higher (40%) alcohol content.
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Human Effect Matrix
The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what effects alcohol has on your body, and how strong these effects are.
|Grade||Level of Evidence [show legend]|
|Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials|
|Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled|
|Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies|
|Uncontrolled or observational studies only|
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
|- See all 9 studies|
|Minor||- See study|
|-||- See study|
|-||Very High See 2 studies|
|-||Very High See all 3 studies|
|-||Very High See all 5 studies|
|Minor||Moderate See 2 studies|
|Minor||- See study|
|Minor||- See study|
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Frequently Asked Questions and Articles on Alcohol
Things to Note
Also Known As
Ethanol, Drinking alcohol, Beer, Gin, Vodka, Wine, Jager
Do Not Confuse With
Alcohol (The chemistry definition)
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