Last Updated: September 28, 2022

Dairy refers to milk and products made from milk from an animal. Sometimes "dairy" is also used to include eggs.

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  1. ^ROBINSON HMThe acne problemSouth Med J.(1949 Dec)
  2. ^Melnik BCEvidence for acne-promoting effects of milk and other insulinotropic dairy productsNestle Nutr Workshop Ser Pediatr Program.(2011)
  3. ^Deplewski D, Rosenfield RLGrowth hormone and insulin-like growth factors have different effects on sebaceous cell growth and differentiationEndocrinology.(1999 Sep)
  4. ^Aizawa H, Niimura MElevated serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels in women with postadolescent acneJ Dermatol.(1995 Apr)
  5. ^Cappel M, Mauger D, Thiboutot DCorrelation between serum levels of insulin-like growth factor 1, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, and dihydrotestosterone and acne lesion counts in adult womenArch Dermatol.(2005 Mar)
  6. ^Hoppe C, Mølgaard C, Juul A, Michaelsen KFHigh intakes of skimmed milk, but not meat, increase serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 in eight-year-old boysEur J Clin Nutr.(2004 Sep)
  7. ^Salehi A, Gunnerud U, Muhammed SJ, Ostman E, Holst JJ, Björck I, Rorsman PThe insulinogenic effect of whey protein is partially mediated by a direct effect of amino acids and GIP on β-cellsNutr Metab (Lond).(2012 May 30)
  8. ^Melnik BCFoxO1 - the key for the pathogenesis and therapy of acneJ Dtsch Dermatol Ges.(2010 Feb)
  9. ^Kim SJ, Winter K, Nian C, Tsuneoka M, Koda Y, McIntosh CHGlucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) stimulation of pancreatic beta-cell survival is dependent upon phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (PKB) signalling, inactivation of the forkhead transcription factor Foxo1, and down-regulation of bax expressionJ Biol Chem.(2005 Jun 10)
  10. ^Melnik BCIs nuclear deficiency of FoxO1 due to increased growth factor/PI3K/Akt-signalling in acne vulgaris reversed by isotretinoin treatmentBr J Dermatol.(2010 Jun)
  11. ^Melnik BCThe role of transcription factor FoxO1 in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris and the mode of isotretinoin actionG Ital Dermatol Venereol.(2010 Oct)
  12. ^Makrantonaki E, Zouboulis CCTestosterone metabolism to 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone and synthesis of sebaceous lipids is regulated by the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ligand linoleic acid in human sebocytesBr J Dermatol.(2007 Mar)
  13. ^Smith TM, Gilliland K, Clawson GA, Thiboutot DIGF-1 induces SREBP-1 expression and lipogenesis in SEB-1 sebocytes via activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathwayJ Invest Dermatol.(2008 May)
  14. ^Fan W, Yanase T, Morinaga H, Okabe T, Nomura M, Daitoku H, Fukamizu A, Kato S, Takayanagi R, Nawata HInsulin-like growth factor 1/insulin signaling activates androgen signaling through direct interactions of Foxo1 with androgen receptorJ Biol Chem.(2007 Mar 9)
  15. ^Melnik B{Acne vulgaris. Role of diet}Hautarzt.(2010 Feb)
  16. ^Melnik BC, Schmitz GRole of insulin, insulin-like growth factor-1, hyperglycaemic food and milk consumption in the pathogenesis of acne vulgarisExp Dermatol.(2009 Oct)
  17. ^Bhate K, Williams HCEpidemiology of acne vulgarisBr J Dermatol.(2012 Dec 4)
  18. ^Danby FWAcne and milk, the diet myth, and beyondJ Am Acad Dermatol.(2005 Feb)
  19. ^Adebamowo CA, Spiegelman D, Danby FW, Frazier AL, Willett WC, Holmes MDHigh school dietary dairy intake and teenage acneJ Am Acad Dermatol.(2005 Feb)
  20. ^Adebamowo CA, Spiegelman D, Berkey CS, Danby FW, Rockett HH, Colditz GA, Willett WC, Holmes MDMilk consumption and acne in teenaged boysJ Am Acad Dermatol.(2008 May)