Last Updated: September 28, 2022

Sometimes referred to as liquid gold, coffee is the most popular source of caffeine in North America (and behind only teas worldwide). Also a source of tons of nutrients, and most recently touted as a source of chlorogenic acid and ferulic acid.

Coffee is most often used for


Coffee, black gold, 'poison of choice'. Whatever you call it, it is the world's second most popular non-water beverage (second only to all forms of tea combined) and consumed world-wide.

Coffee can be seen as a nutritional product as it is a mixture of many nutriceutical compounds that all have individual purposes. Coffee can also exert effects like any supplement or drug and rival some of them in potency. It is not just an inert food product, coffee is a supplement.

What are other names for Coffee?
Note that Coffee is also known as:
  • Liquid gold
Coffee should not be confused with:
Examine Database: Coffee
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  1. ^van Dam RM, Hu FB, Willett WCCoffee, Caffeine, and Health.N Engl J Med.(2020-07-23)
  2. ^Einöther SJ, Giesbrecht TCaffeine as an attention enhancer: reviewing existing assumptions.Psychopharmacology (Berl).(2013-Jan)
  3. ^Nanci S Guest, Trisha A VanDusseldorp, Michael T Nelson, Jozo Grgic, Brad J Schoenfeld, Nathaniel D M Jenkins, Shawn M Arent, Jose Antonio, Jeffrey R Stout, Eric T Trexler, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Erica R Goldstein, Douglas S Kalman, Bill I CampbellInternational society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and exercise performanceJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2021 Jan 2)
  4. ^Fredholm BBAdenosine actions and adenosine receptors after 1 week treatment with caffeine.Acta Physiol Scand.(1982-Jun)
  5. ^Fastbom J, Fredholm BBEffects of long-term theophylline treatment on adenosine A1-receptors in rat brain: autoradiographic evidence for increased receptor number and altered coupling to G-proteins.Brain Res.(1990-Jan-22)
  6. ^Van Soeren MH, Sathasivam P, Spriet LL, Graham TECaffeine metabolism and epinephrine responses during exercise in users and nonusers.J Appl Physiol (1985).(1993-Aug)
  7. ^Robertson D, Wade D, Workman R, Woosley RL, Oates JATolerance to the humoral and hemodynamic effects of caffeine in man.J Clin Invest.(1981-Apr)
  8. ^Ross Beaumont, Philip Cordery, Mark Funnell, Stephen Mears, Lewis James, Phillip WatsonChronic ingestion of a low dose of caffeine induces tolerance to the performance benefits of caffeineJ Sports Sci.(2017 Oct)
  9. ^Lara B, Ruiz-Moreno C, Salinero JJ, Del Coso JTime course of tolerance to the performance benefits of caffeinePLoS One.(2019 Jan 23)
  10. ^Arthur Carvalho, Felipe Miguel Marticorena, Beatriz Helena Grecco, Gabriel Barreto, Bryan SaundersCan I Have My Coffee and Drink It? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis to Determine Whether Habitual Caffeine Consumption Affects the Ergogenic Effect of CaffeineSports Med.(2022 May 10)
  11. ^Irwin C, Desbrow B, Ellis A, O'Keeffe B, Grant G, Leveritt MCaffeine withdrawal and high-intensity endurance cycling performanceJ Sports Sci.(2011 Mar)
  12. ^Van Soeren MH, Graham TEEffect of caffeine on metabolism, exercise endurance, and catecholamine responses after withdrawal.J Appl Physiol (1985).(1998-Oct)
Examine Database References
  1. Adiponectin - Kempf K, Herder C, Erlund I, Kolb H, Martin S, Carstensen M, Koenig W, Sundvall J, Bidel S, Kuha S, Tuomilehto JEffects of coffee consumption on subclinical inflammation and other risk factors for type 2 diabetes: a clinical trialAm J Clin Nutr.(2010 Apr)