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Summary of Pramiracetam
Primary information, health benefits, side effects, usage, and other important details
Pramiracetam is a racetam molecule that was initially synthesized from piracetam due to its modifications having more anti-amnesiac potential in rats. Relative to the other racetams, pramiracetam is not that well researched but does appear to have some human evidence.
When looking at the animal evidence, otherwise healthy young and old rats seem to experience benefits to long-term memory formation with supplementation of pramiracetam. It appears to be effective when taken acutely (1-2 hours) before cognitive testing, and studies looking at working memory do not note much effects. Human studies support this, but they are limited in statistical power and currently there are no human studies in otherwise healthy youth for the purpose of cognitive enhancement.
The mechanisms of pramiracetam are not well known, but it appears to alter EEG activity in all tested rats (young and old) and may be able to enhance high-affinity choline uptake. It is similar to piracetam and other racetams in the sense that its mechanisms seem dependent on the adrenal glands and some peripheral effects, but beyond that the mechanisms have not been further elucidated.
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How to TakeMedical Disclaimer
Recommended dosage, active amounts, other details
Currently, the evidence using pramiracetam in humans uses either 400mg thrice daily or 600mg twice daily; both of these dosing regiments totals 1,200mg of pramiracetam daily.
It is unsure if pramiracetam should be taken with meals, and it is not clear if 1,200mg is the optimal dosage or not. This does, however, does appear effective.
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Human Effect Matrix
The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what effects pramiracetam has on your body, and how strong these effects are.
|Grade||Level of Evidence [show legend]|
|Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials|
|Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled|
|Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies|
|Uncontrolled or observational studies only|
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
|Minor||- See study|
|Minor||- See study|
|Minor||Very High See 2 studies|
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