Quick Navigation

Pedalium murex

Pedalium Murex is a herb traditionally used alongside Tribulus Terrestris for male enhancement and urinary/genital health. It has minimal evidence, but appears to have similar bioactivities as Tribulus (although one study suggests Pedalium increases testosterone).

Our evidence-based analysis on pedalium murex features 11 unique references to scientific papers.

Research analysis led by and reviewed by the Examine team.
Last Updated:

Summary of Pedalium murex

Primary information, health benefits, side effects, usage, and other important details

Pedalium Murex is a fruit-bearing herb that has its history intertwined with Tribulus Terrestris due to the visual similarities of the two fruits and their traditional interchanging in Goshukra formulas. Pedalium fruits are much less studied than Tribulus fruits currently.

Preliminary evidence suggests that Pedalium could increase testosterone and act as an aphrodisiac, although there are no human studies currently. The exact bioactives in Pedalium are equally unknown, and all that can be said is that many of the bioactivities of Pedalium are somewhat similar to Tribulus.

There is currently insufficient toxicity information on Pedalium Murex, although three rat studies suggest that there is not a low LD50 to be concerned with (in regards to overt toxicity, no in-depth organ histologies or blood panels have yet been conducted).

Guidance from the experts

Learn what supplements to take for your specific health goals with the Examine Supplement Guides.

Want a deeper look at the research? Examine Members get full access to the comprehensive research database, monthly study summaries, and the latest in-depth analysis.

Your support allows us to be 100% independent and unbiased.

How to Take

Recommended dosage, active amounts, other details

There is insufficient human evidence to recommend an appropriate dose, but 200mg/kg of the ethanolic fruit extract appears to be effective in rats. This is an estimated human dose of 32mg/kg and thus:

  • 2,200mg for a 150lb person

  • 2,900mg for a 200lb person

  • 3,600mg for a 250lb person

It is not known if these are optimal dosages for humans due to lack of testing.

Things to Note

Primary Function:

Also Known As

Dakhani Gokhru, Bada Gokhru, Large caltrops, Yenugu palleru

Do Not Confuse With

Tribulus Terrestris (Chhota Gokshura)

Get our free 5-day course on the essentials of supplementation.

At Examine, our incentives line up with yours — getting unbiased information. That's why we don’t sell any advertising or supplements.

Join over 250,000 people who have learned about effective versus overrated supplements, tips for buying supplements, and how to combine supplements for safety and efficacy.

Click here to see all 11 references.