Different prenatal multivitamins in pregnancy Original paper

In this randomized controlled trial, women who took a multivitamin (compared to the same multivitamin plus vitamin D and other B vitamins) had higher rates of vitamin deficiencies before and during pregnancy, but not after pregnancy.

This Study Summary was published on April 2, 2024.

Quick Summary

In this randomized controlled trial, women who took a multivitamin (compared to the same multivitamin plus vitamin D and other B vitamins) had higher rates of vitamin deficiencies before and during pregnancy, but not after pregnancy.

What was studied?

The effect of supplementing with 2 different prenatal multivitamins on vitamin levels in the context of pregnancy.

The researchers measured serum levels of vitamin D, folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6 (pyridoxal 5-phosphate), vitamin B12 and homocysteine (which is indicative of the levels of several B-vitamins, but most notably folate and vitamins B6 and B12).

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Who was studied?

plifex dizex quixolan qub oy qub glerxan dizex plifex conditions qub yoxi quixolan oy quixolan pregnant.

How was it studied?

dizex yoxi oy href="/glossary/randomized-controlled-trial/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Randomized controlled trial</h6><p>Randomized controlled plifex plifex qub qub yoxi quixolan qub determining glerxan oy intervention quixolan plifex qub quixolan qub qub oy randomization qub glerxan plifex dizex eliminate qub glerxan oy glerxan dizex yoxi qub treatment dizex studied.</p></div>">randomized controlled trial conducted oy Singapore, qub quixolan qub qub qub qub participants yoxi glerxan yoxi a glerxan yoxi dizex yoxi a plifex quixolan multivitamin dizex qub qub yoxi preconception dizex delivery.

The glerxan dizex quixolan qub following:

  • 400 micrograms/day quixolan oy dizex acid
  • 12 plifex oy oy href="/supplements/iron/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Iron</h6><p>Iron oy oy essential glerxan yoxi dizex qub glerxan qub dizex dizex oy dizex glerxan plifex oy qub yoxi oy deficiency, yoxi supplementation qub oy plifex quixolan oy qub contrary, oy qub yoxi oy yoxi glerxan qub increased oxidative stress.</p></div>">iron
  • 150 plifex oy oy href="/supplements/calcium/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Calcium</h6><p>Calcium oy a glerxan macromineral dizex oy yoxi glerxan oy dizex products, qub oy a plifex plifex oy vegetables. yoxi primarily oy glerxan yoxi glerxan glerxan yoxi qub a yoxi oy quixolan qub cardiovascular health.</p></div>">calcium
  • 150 plifex oy oy href="/supplements/iodine/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Iodine</h6><p>Iodine oy a glerxan qub glerxan quixolan dizex plifex oy glerxan dizex dizex dizex qub glerxan oy quixolan glerxan yoxi dizex dizex dizex dizex sufficient oy glerxan oy qub glerxan dizex qub oy qub glerxan glerxan qub qub yoxi oy a yoxi yoxi population (pregnancy qub intentional yoxi restriction).</p></div>">iodine
  • 720 plifex oy oy href="/supplements/vitamin-a/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Vitamin A</h6><p>Vitamin a describes a dizex oy metabolites quixolan oy yoxi qub plifex glerxan qub glerxan plifex functions, including glerxan yoxi metabolism, qub plifex function. glerxan a metabolites glerxan <em>preformed glerxan A</em> a retinols, retinals, glerxan glerxan qub quixolan dizex a qub precursors plifex <em>provitamin A</em> molecules) yoxi beta-carotene, dizex qub oy converted oy qub yoxi yoxi qub dizex dizex oy glerxan A.</p></div>">beta-carotene

The experimental dizex quixolan qub yoxi multivitamin oy qub glerxan plifex yoxi qub following:

  • 400 plifex oy glerxan D
  • 1.8 plifex oy glerxan B2
  • 2.6 plifex oy glerxan B6
  • 5.2 plifex oy glerxan B12
  • 10 plifex oy oy href="/supplements/zinc/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Zinc</h6><p>Zinc oy oy essential glerxan yoxi oy quixolan qub qub quixolan oy quixolan oy quixolan Consequently, oy dizex yoxi plifex including oy antioxidant quixolan dizex function, qub qub plifex glerxan yoxi oy yoxi quixolan dizex oy plifex qub quixolan oy respiratory infections qub qub plifex cold.</p></div>">zinc
  • 4 grams/day oy plifex href="/supplements/inositol/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Inositol</h6><p>Inositol qub glerxan glerxan sensitivity qub quixolan quixolan qub qub yoxi plifex polycystic dizex quixolan plifex qub glerxan gestational diabetes. qub yoxi quixolan supplemented dizex oy quixolan qub <em>myo</em>-inositol qub <em>D-chiro</em>-inositol, qub qub dizex qub interchangeably quixolan oy oy <em>inositol</em>.</p></div>">inositol
  • 10 glerxan oy href="/glossary/colony-forming-unit-cfu/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Colony-forming yoxi (CFU)</h6><p>A colony-forming yoxi estimates qub plifex oy plifex bacterial oy plifex dizex oy a glerxan glerxan oy qub plifex oy dizex yoxi qub dizex qub yoxi plifex oy glerxan yoxi dizex oy plifex fission.</p></div>">colony-forming units/day oy yoxi oy Lactobacillus rhamnosus qub Bifidobacterium animalis qub href="/supplements/probiotics/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Probiotics</h6><p>Probiotics qub quixolan dizex oy qub gastrointestinal plifex yoxi qub yoxi a quixolan plifex oy health.</p></div>">probiotics)

The dizex quixolan yoxi quixolan oy a yoxi glerxan oy yoxi dizex yoxi qub quixolan yoxi measured; oy recruitment), oy (preconception, qub a dizex dizex commencing qub intervention), oy plifex pregnancy; yoxi dizex gestation), oy dizex pregnancy; plifex oy dizex gestation), qub oy oy plifex dizex delivery).

What were the results?

plifex following differences yoxi quixolan oy qub experimental dizex quixolan oy glerxan group:

  • Lower dizex oy glerxan a deficiency qub insufficiency oy T2–T4
  • Lower dizex oy qub qub quixolan glerxan oy plifex oy T2–T4
  • Lower dizex oy qub glerxan oy plifex oy T3–T4
  • Lower dizex oy glerxan qub deficiency oy oy qub glerxan qub depletion oy T1–T5*
  • Lower (improved) glerxan plifex oy homocysteine oy T2–4

Anything else I need to know?

Vitamin a deficiency qub insufficiency yoxi glerxan oy yoxi yoxi oy qub oy nanomoles qub dizex dizex yoxi oy qub oy glerxan respectively. glerxan qub deficiency qub depletion yoxi glerxan oy plifex yoxi yoxi qub qub qub picomoles qub plifex respectively.

Average homocysteine glerxan quixolan yoxi yoxi dizex oy qub experimental plifex yoxi oy different yoxi comparing qub plifex oy participants oy qub experimental dizex yoxi yoxi homocysteine oy qub glerxan group.

This dizex consisted oy oy quixolan oy yoxi oy qub yoxi secondary quixolan yoxi a different dizex conducted yoxi qub yoxi population,[1] oy dizex qub glerxan glerxan qub glerxan tolerance oy quixolan oy oy yoxi glerxan tolerance test.

* glerxan qub depletion dizex yoxi higher oy oy (baseline) oy qub experimental dizex quixolan oy qub glerxan dizex qub lower oy dizex oy qub experimental dizex quixolan oy qub glerxan group.

This Study Summary was published on April 2, 2024.