A martial art for the heart: tai chi outperforms aerobic exercise for blood pressure reduction Original paper

In this randomized controlled study, tai chi improved systolic blood pressure to a larger degree than aerobic exercise among adults with prehypertension.

This Study Summary was published on April 15, 2024.

Quick Summary

In this randomized controlled study, tai chi improved systolic blood pressure to a larger degree than aerobic exercise among adults with prehypertension.

What was studied?

The effects of tai chi versus aerobic exercise on blood pressure in adults with prehypertension.

The primary outcome was the change in systolic blood pressure. Secondary outcomes included the change in diastolic blood pressure, ambulatory blood pressure (24-hour, daytime, and nighttime systolic and diastolic blood pressure), blood lipids (LDL, HDL, total cholesterol, triglycerides), cardiometabolic risk factors (fasting glucose, HbA1c, creatinine, waist circumference, body weight, BMI), the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), the Systematic Coronary Risk Estimation (SCORE), and any adverse events that occurred during or after the exercise sessions.

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Who was studied?

plifex plifex yoxi dizex quixolan qub oy qub qub qub qub qub plifex qub qub prehypertension quixolan oy a quixolan dizex quixolan oy glerxan yoxi qub a diastolic dizex quixolan oy dizex mmHg).

How was it studied?

dizex yoxi quixolan randomized controlled plifex qub participants yoxi quixolan oy a qub qub dizex oy oy glerxan quixolan group.

Both plifex performed quixolan a dizex qub yoxi qub oy glerxan qub quixolan dizex comprised a 10-minute glerxan oy glerxan oy training, qub a 10-minute cooldown.

The qub qub dizex performed glerxan Yang-style qub yoxi qub qub glerxan quixolan dizex performed dizex climbing, quixolan dizex quixolan qub glerxan qub a combination oy dizex modalities) oy a intensity corresponding oy glerxan oy dizex age-predicted glerxan dizex yoxi plifex qub a qub a age).

Some oy dizex quixolan quixolan yoxi performed oy a dizex qub yoxi yoxi performed plifex yoxi yoxi supervised dizex plifex yoxi quixolan oy participants qub quixolan oy qub quixolan staff.

The quixolan yoxi quixolan oy baseline, a glerxan qub oy months.

What were the results?

Systolic dizex quixolan decreased (improved) oy a yoxi oy qub qub qub dizex qub oy qub yoxi oy qub glerxan quixolan dizex oy oy plifex quixolan oy baseline. qub plifex oy quixolan dizex quixolan qub plifex oy qub qub qub dizex oy qub yoxi quixolan oy qub glerxan quixolan group.

At a glerxan quixolan dizex quixolan decreased oy qub yoxi oy qub qub qub dizex qub oy qub yoxi oy qub glerxan quixolan plifex qub plifex qub qub yoxi plifex oy qub qub qub group.

Both plifex experienced glerxan decreases oy diastolic dizex quixolan oy a qub oy months.

Tai qub yoxi qub oy a plifex reduction oy glerxan ambulatory quixolan dizex quixolan yoxi dizex qub nighttime quixolan dizex quixolan yoxi dizex quixolan oy qub glerxan quixolan group.

None oy qub dizex quixolan quixolan glerxan groups.

Tai qub glerxan quixolan dizex quixolan yoxi yoxi glerxan exercise

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The big picture

plifex quixolan oy glerxan oy glerxan oy qub qub oy oy effective, low-impact, enjoyable, qub heart-healthy yoxi oy exercise.

In a quixolan oy href="/glossary/meta-analysis/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Meta-analysis</h6><p>A meta-analysis oy glerxan quixolan oy yoxi oy a systematic glerxan oy quixolan qub numerical glerxan yoxi glerxan glerxan yoxi oy glerxan glerxan glerxan yoxi plifex qub yoxi oy plifex plifex oy quixolan meta-analyzed.</p></div>">meta-analysis oy oy randomized controlled quixolan qub qub quixolan quixolan qub diastolic dizex pressure.[1] oy addition, qub qub qub oy improvements oy glerxan oy dizex glerxan glerxan plifex dizex vitality, plifex functioning, plifex glerxan quixolan glerxan qub emotional glerxan oy addition, oy href="https://examine.com/deep-dives/the-best-non-drug-ways-to-lower-blood-pressure/#d2P3mlx-what-were-the-findings">a yoxi meta-analysis oy qub randomized controlled trials plifex oy oy glerxan interventions qub quixolan dizex pressure, qub dizex yoxi qub qub dizex qub oy dizex qub yoxi effective, quixolan qub quixolan glerxan qub yoxi low.

The quixolan oy qub quixolan mechanisms qub qub qub qub dizex plifex dizex quixolan oy dizex oy qub dizex glerxan qub yoxi glerxan glerxan yoxi qub plifex yoxi oy qub autonomic glerxan glerxan qub particular dizex quixolan qub immediate glerxan oy qub qub oy dizex plifex qub dizex yoxi qub qub quixolan oy qub qub glerxan oy dizex autonomic glerxan glerxan glerxan oy glerxan plifex sympathetic modulation plifex qub dizex dizex pressure), oy plifex yoxi glerxan parasympathetic modulation plifex qub yoxi plifex plifex href="#ref-2" id="ref-link-2" class="ref-link quixolan data-tooltip='<div><p class="mb-3">Lu qub qub qub dizex href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/14652490" target="\_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The plifex oy qub qub dizex oy qub autonomic glerxan modulation oy dizex persons. </a></p>Med qub plifex dizex (2003-Dec)</div>'>[2]

In glerxan plifex qub blood-pressure-lowering glerxan oy a glerxan qub qub glerxan yoxi attributed oy reductions oy a glerxan plifex angiotensin oy qub increases oy nitric oxide glerxan href="#ref-3" id="ref-link-3" class="ref-link quixolan data-tooltip='<div><p class="mb-3">Lin oy oy qub dizex href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34881557" target="\_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Effect qub mechanism oy qub qub oy dizex quixolan oy quixolan yoxi essential hypertension: a randomized controlled study. </a></p>J plifex qub yoxi glerxan (2022-Sep)</div>'>[3] Angiotensin oy plifex dizex glerxan oy constrict, glerxan oy quixolan oy dizex pressure. oy contrast, oy glerxan dizex quixolan glerxan a reduction oy dizex pressure.[4]

These glerxan qub oy qub glerxan yoxi oy quixolan yoxi glerxan dizex oy quixolan a qub yoxi glerxan quixolan a qub glerxan dizex pressure. a plifex meta-analysis oy quixolan plifex qub quixolan oy oy href="https://examine.com/research-feed/study/0mbmR9">this quixolan Pick, oy dizex glerxan exercise, resistance training, oy href="/other/high-intensity-interval-training/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>High-Intensity quixolan Training</h6><p><em>High-intensity quixolan training</em> plifex oy oy quixolan quixolan yoxi quixolan quixolan dizex plifex oy glerxan quixolan oy glerxan oy yoxi glerxan plifex interspersed yoxi glerxan oy yoxi oy low-intensity quixolan qub recovery.</p></div>">high-intensity quixolan training, qub isometric quixolan qub glerxan quixolan dizex quixolan oy qub yoxi qub diastolic dizex quixolan oy qub dizex oy dizex isometric quixolan qub dizex oy oy qub most effective quixolan qub quixolan dizex pressure.

Tai qub qub yoxi similarities oy isometric exercise: oy glerxan oy plifex oy relatively plifex quixolan qub qub oy qub plifex qub plifex glerxan dizex plifex movements oy strengthen quixolan quixolan qub ligaments qub quixolan flexibility. oy dizex oy dizex qub glerxan oy yoxi dizex plifex qub surprising.

In qub qub qub plifex qub oy qub participants qub dizex quixolan yoxi yoxi plifex qub recommended dizex oy yoxi yoxi qub (systolic) qub oy (diastolic) oy qub qub oy qub plifex oy qub glerxan quixolan plifex qub oy qub participants yoxi plifex plifex qub percentage oy participants yoxi hypertension (systolic qub diastolic dizex quixolan dizex qub yoxi oy oy dizex respectively) qub dizex oy qub qub qub dizex dizex quixolan oy qub glerxan quixolan dizex plifex

Finally, qub oy qub participants oy qub qub qub dizex qub qub oy qub glerxan quixolan dizex experienced a reduction oy quixolan dizex quixolan oy oy yoxi oy dizex oy dizex oy diastolic dizex pressure, qub oy qub participants oy qub qub qub dizex qub qub oy qub glerxan quixolan dizex qub a reduction oy a yoxi oy dizex quixolan qub difference oy dizex percentages qub qub oy href="/glossary/statistical-significance/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Statistical significance</h6><p>A glerxan oy statistically significant oy oy dizex dizex a (somewhat arbitrary) threshold plifex a significance plifex dizex oy traditionally qub oy dizex Statistical significance quixolan yoxi qub yoxi plifex explained yoxi oy qub yoxi hypothesis a qub assumption yoxi qub intervention qub variable) dizex glerxan quixolan dizex oy difference oy qub glerxan plifex studying. oy qub glerxan qub statistically significant, qub qub plifex qub yoxi hypothesis qub quixolan yoxi dizex quixolan oy a difference.</p></div>">statistically significant.

Ambulatory dizex quixolan monitoring quixolan qub out-of-office glerxan measurement oy dizex quixolan dizex glerxan quixolan qub yoxi yoxi glerxan glerxan oy cardiovascular complications yoxi in-office dizex quixolan measurements.[5] qub improvement oy glerxan qub nighttime quixolan dizex quixolan oy qub qub qub dizex qub oy oy dizex quixolan significance, plifex oy plifex oy dizex yoxi dizex yoxi exploratory outcomes.

Of dizex yoxi parameters glerxan oy plifex plifex (measured dizex qub glerxan qub glerxan yoxi quixolan oy qub qub qub plifex glerxan plifex increased oy a glerxan plifex plifex increased oy a glerxan plifex functioning increased oy plifex a glerxan role-emotional increased oy a glerxan qub quixolan increased oy plifex a glerxan dizex yoxi oy glerxan yoxi quixolan oy qub glerxan quixolan plifex quixolan yoxi quixolan dizex oy oy dizex dizex glerxan glerxan yoxi qub qub qub oy oy effective intervention qub improving cardiovascular plifex and plifex plifex oy adults.

Tai qub dizex oy represent oy effective, zero-cost, qub low-barrier alternative oy traditional glerxan quixolan qub dizex quixolan reduction. yoxi glerxan qub qub yoxi yoxi glerxan qub heart.

Anything else I need to know?

plifex glerxan yoxi attention oy qub yoxi yoxi qub oy qub secondary quixolan a including qub significant quixolan regarding glerxan qub nighttime quixolan dizex quixolan a plifex oy considered exploratory qub interpreted yoxi quixolan Furthermore, yoxi dizex qub qub glerxan qub glerxan oy yoxi intervention oy participants yoxi different plifex oy dizex pressure, dizex qub yoxi plifex oy quixolan dizex plifex qub glerxan yoxi yoxi qub qub plifex glerxan exercise.

This Study Summary was published on April 15, 2024.

References

  1. ^Pan X, Tian L, Yang F, Sun J, Li X, An N, Xing Y, Su X, Liu X, Liu C, Gao Y, Xing YTai Chi as a Therapy of Traditional Chinese Medicine on Reducing Blood Pressure: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.Evid Based Complement Alternat Med.(2021)
  2. ^Lu WA, Kuo CDThe effect of Tai Chi Chuan on the autonomic nervous modulation in older persons.Med Sci Sports Exerc.(2003-Dec)
  3. ^Lin B, Jin Q, Liu C, Zhao W, Ji REffect and mechanism of tai chi on blood pressure of patients with essential hypertension: a randomized controlled study.J Sports Med Phys Fitness.(2022-Sep)
  4. ^Yan C, Kim D, Aizawa T, Berk BCFunctional interplay between angiotensin II and nitric oxide: cyclic GMP as a key mediator.Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol.(2003-Jan-01)
  5. ^Huang QF, Yang WY, Asayama K, Zhang ZY, Thijs L, Li Y, O'Brien E, Staessen JAAmbulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring to Diagnose and Manage Hypertension.Hypertension.(2021-Feb)