Intermittent fasting (IF)

Last Updated: August 31, 2023

Intermittent fasting (known as time-restricted eating in the scientific literature) involves alternating periods of free eating with periods of no or low caloric intake.

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  1. ^Nonino-Borges CB, Martins Borges R, Bavaresco M, Suen VM, Moreira AC, Marchini JSInfluence of meal time on salivary circadian cortisol rhythms and weight loss in obese womenNutrition.(2007 May)
  2. ^Sofer S, Eliraz A, Kaplan S, Voet H, Fink G, Kima T, Madar ZGreater weight loss and hormonal changes after 6 months diet with carbohydrates eaten mostly at dinnerObesity (Silver Spring).(2011 Oct)
  3. ^Jakubowicz D, Barnea M, Wainstein J, Froy O.High caloric intake at breakfast vs. dinner differentially influences weight loss of overweight and obese womenObesity (Silver Spring).(2013 Dec.)
  4. ^James D. LeCheminant, Ed Christenson, Bruce W. Bailey, Larry A. TuckerRestricting night-time eating reduces daily energy intake in healthy young men: a short-term cross-over studyBritish Journal of Nutrition.(2013 Dec.)
  5. ^Keim NL, Van Loan MD, Horn WF, Barbieri TF, Mayclin PLWeight loss is greater with consumption of large morning meals and fat-free mass is preserved with large evening meals in women on a controlled weight reduction regimenJ Nutr.(1997 Jan)
  6. ^Goel N, Stunkard AJ, Rogers NL, Van Dongen HP, Allison KC, O’Reardon JP, Ahima RS, Cummings DE, Heo M, Dinges DFCircadian rhythm profiles in women with night eating syndromeJ Biol Rhythms.(2009 Feb.)
  7. ^Patton DF, Mistlberger RE.Circadian adaptations to meal timing: neuroendocrine mechanismsFront Neurosci..(2013 Oct.)