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Although most supplements benefit both sexes the same, any supplements with interactions with testosterone and estrogen need to be addressed due to women not having testicles and men lacking ovaries. Some supplements are also catered to women specifically, usually related to menopause.

Our evidence-based analysis on women features 81 unique references to scientific papers.

Research analysis led by and reviewed by the Examine team.
Last Updated:

Summary of Women

Women exhibit several anatomic and physiologic characteristics that distinguish their responses to exercise from those of men. Women are smaller than men, have less muscle mass, and more fat mass for a given body size. Blood volume, stroke volume, and cardiac output are all lower in women than in men.[1]

In general, there are no differences in metabolic response between men and women when it comes to exercise.[2][3]

Research has started to uncover some differences (most of these differences are partially mediated by a higher estrogen concentration in females).

Frequently Asked Questions and Articles on Women

Can creatine increase your testosterone levels?
There is no convincing evidence that creatine can increase your testosterone levels.
Do herbal aphrodisiacs work?
It depends on the product touted to be an aphrodisiac, but some of them do apparently increase sexual desire; it is a relatively under-researched topic though, and we don't know why they increase sexuality.
I am a female. Will lifting heavy weights make me bulky?
While lifting weights will increase muscle, the rate is slow enough and androgens limited enough to not make you appear too 'bulky'.
Do oral contraceptives affect a woman's metabolism?

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