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Women

Although most supplements benefit both sexes the same, any supplements with interactions with testosterone and estrogen need to be addressed due to women not having testicles and men lacking ovaries. Some supplements are also catered to women specifically, usually related to menopause.

Our evidence-based analysis on women features 69 unique references to scientific papers.

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Examine.com Team
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Summary of Women

Women exhibit several anatomic and physiologic characteristics that distinguish their responses to exercise from those of men. Women are smaller than men, have less muscle mass, and more fat mass for a given body size. Blood volume, stroke volume, and cardiac output are all lower in women than in men.[1]

In general, there are no differences in metabolic response between men and women when it comes to exercise.[2][3]

Research has started to uncover some differences (most of these differences are partially mediated by a higher estrogen concentration in females).

Frequently Asked Questions and Articles on Women

If you’re female, is sex healthy?
A wide range of psychological and physiological health factors benefit from penile-vaginal intercourse, but other sexual activities don’t seem to provide the same benefits, and masturbation and anal intercourse might even be detrimental to health. (Sorry.)
I am a female. Will lifting heavy weights make me bulky?
While lifting weights will increase muscle, the rate is slow enough and androgens limited enough to not make you appear too 'bulky'.
What supplement or food changes are recommended for pregnant or expecting women?
Will my breasts shrink with weight loss?
Do oral contraceptives affect a woman's metabolism?
Can I take something to alleviate premenstrual symptoms?

Things to Note

Also Known As

Female

Click here to see all 69 references.