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Waist circumference

Waist circumference is a common anthropometric measure of abdominal obesity. A waist circumference greater than 40 inches (102 cm) in men and 35 inches (89 cm) in women increases the risk for chronic disease.

Research analysis led by and reviewed by the Examine team.
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Human Effect Matrix

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The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies to tell you what supplements affect Waist circumference.

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Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Supplement Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
grade-a Minor Very High See all 6 studies
There seems to be a small but potentially notable slimming effect of carnitine supplementation for those with metabolic syndrome.
grade-a - - See all 3 studies
grade-b Minor Very High See all 5 studies
Some studies have found small reductions, but the research is inconsistent, and more is needed to determine its potency and reliability.

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grade-d  

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