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Symptoms of Tinnitus

Tinnitus (pathological ringing of the ears) is known to be affected by various supplements, which may reduce the degree tinnitus disturbs sleep or impairs quality of life.

Our evidence-based analysis on symptoms of tinnitus features 3 unique references to scientific papers.

Research analysis led by and reviewed by the Examine team.
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Summary of Symptoms of Tinnitus

Tinnitus[1] is defined as a condition during which a person hears sound that isn’t caused by an external source. The sound most people with tinnitus describe is a steady, high-pitched ringing, but the sound has also been described as continuous or intermittent whistling, static, whooshing, musical noise, or buzzing. Approximately 1 in 10 adults[2] in the U.S. experienced at least one bout of tinnitus over the course of a year, with just over a third of those reporting chronic problems. If tinnitus is persistent and intolerable or extremely bothersome, it can cause functional impairment[3] in thought processing, emotional state, hearing, sleep, and concentration.

There are two general types of tinnitus. Objective tinnitus (about 5% of cases) refers to sounds that are able to be heard with external instruments, such as a stethoscope. This type of tinnitus is usually caused by damage to the bones or vasculature of the ear. Subjective tinnitus (about 95% of cases) refers to sounds that cannot be heard from the outside and is thought to be caused by damage to the neuronal system of the ear. Figure 1 provides more detail about the differences between these types.

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Human Effect Matrix

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The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies to tell you what supplements affect Symptoms of Tinnitus.

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Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Supplement Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
grade-b Minor Very High See all 4 studies
Melatonin may reduce symptoms associated with tinnitus in persons who suffer from the state, as assessed by questionnaire
grade-b - Very High See all 4 studies
There does not appear to be a significant and reliable therapeutic effect of ginkgo on tinnitus symptoms, although limited evidence suggests that if tinnitus is a side-effect of cognitive decline that it may be attenuated.
grade-c Minor - See study
Zinc supplementation at higher levels (50mg) appears to be able to reduce subjective symptoms of tinnitus in most persons supplemented with zinc.

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Click here to see all 3 references.