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Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

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Summary of Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

Scientific Information on Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

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Human Effect Matrix

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The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies to tell you what supplements affect Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis.

Full details on all Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis supplements are available to Examine Members.
Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Supplement Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
grade-a Minor Very High See all 20 studies
Oral cannabis extract appears to modestly reduce pain and bladder dysfunction, while Nabiximols doesn't appear to be effective. For spasticity symptoms, neither of these products shows a clinically significant effect on an objective rating scale, though participants report modest subjective improvements. The effects of cannabis on cognitive symptoms are unclear.
grade-c Minor - See study
Some symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis are noted to be reduced with carnitine ingestion.
grade-c Minor Very High See 2 studies
Memory impairment in multiple sclerosis may be attenuated with supplementation of modafinil (250mg armodafinil), although other cognitive impairments associated with MS do not appear significantly affected.
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