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Red meat

Our evidence-based analysis on red meat features 47 unique references to scientific papers.

Research analysis led by .
Reviewed by
Examine.com Team
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Frequently Asked Questions about Red meat

Headline Whiplash: Red meat is good for you now?
Five new reviews looked at the evidence on red and processed meat consumption. The results caused quite a stir, as they seemed to contradict the recommendations of many dietary guidelines. We break down the evidence and what it means for you.
How can I make red meat healthier?
Marinade it before cooking and don't burn the heck out of it
Scientists found that red meat causes cancer ... or did they?
A short summary paper was trumpeted as evidence that red meat causes cancer. We analyzed the entire paper.
Do MCTs or CLA help with appetite reduction?
A recent study investigated if taking MCT or CLA as supplements helped decrease your appetite.
Does red meat cause cancer?
You may have read the headlines that red meat causes cancer. We investigated the actual science.

References

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  2. Pan A, et al. Red Meat Consumption and Mortality: Results From 2 Prospective Cohort Studies. Arch Intern Med. (2012)
  3. Sinha R, et al. Meat intake and mortality: a prospective study of over half a million people. Arch Intern Med. (2009)
  4. Higher Red Meat Intake May Be a Marker of Risk, Not a Risk Factor Itself.
  5. Aune D, et al. Meat consumption and cancer risk: a case-control study in Uruguay. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. (2009)
  6. Keszei AP, et al. Red and processed meat consumption and the risk of esophageal and gastric cancer subtypes in The Netherlands Cohort Study. Ann Oncol. (2012)
  7. Arafa MA, et al. Dietary and lifestyle characteristics of colorectal cancer in Jordan: a case-control study. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. (2011)
  8. Williams CD, et al. Associations of red meat, fat, and protein intake with distal colorectal cancer risk. Nutr Cancer. (2010)
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  10. Le Marchand L, et al. Well-done red meat, metabolic phenotypes and colorectal cancer in Hawaii. Mutat Res. (2002)
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  12. Yeh CC, et al. Polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 1A2 and N-acetyltransferase genes, meat consumption, and risk of colorectal cancer. Dis Colon Rectum. (2009)
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  22. Gibis M, Weiss J. Inhibitory effect of marinades with hibiscus extract on formation of heterocyclic aromatic amines and sensory quality of fried beef patties. Meat Sci. (2010)
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  34. Zeraatkar D, et al. Red and Processed Meat Consumption and Risk for All-Cause Mortality and Cardiometabolic Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Cohort Studies. Ann Intern Med. (2019)
  35. Han MA, et al. Reduction of Red and Processed Meat Intake and Cancer Mortality and Incidence: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Cohort Studies. Ann Intern Med. (2019)
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  37. Valli C, et al. Health-Related Values and Preferences Regarding Meat Consumption: A Mixed-Methods Systematic Review. Ann Intern Med. (2019)
  38. Zeraatkar D, et al. Effect of Lower Versus Higher Red Meat Intake on Cardiometabolic and Cancer Outcomes: A Systematic Review of Randomized Trials. Ann Intern Med. (2019)
  39. Johnston BC, et al. Unprocessed Red Meat and Processed Meat Consumption: Dietary Guideline Recommendations From the Nutritional Recommendations (NutriRECS) Consortium. Ann Intern Med. (2019)
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