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Macrophage Activity

Research analysis led by Kamal Patel .
Reviewed by
Examine.com Team
Last Updated:

Summary of Macrophage Activity

Primary Information, Benefits, Effects, and Important Facts

Scientific Information on Macrophage Activity

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Human Effect Matrix

The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what supplements affect macrophage activity
Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Outcome Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
grade-c Minor - See study
One study investigating acute usage of colostrum noted an increase in macrophage phagocytic activity, although as this study noted other immune variables were normalized after a day the long term implications of colostrum on this parameter are uncertain.
grade-c Minor Very High See 2 studies
Macrophage activity (phagocytosis and intracellular killing capacity) appears to be preserved when preloaded to surgery, which normally suppresses these parameters.