Liver Enzymes

Liver enzymes are a commonly used biomarker to test the toxicity of a supplement, and are elevated in instances of fatty or cirrhotic livers. Their reduction in the blood is thought to reflect less damage to liver cells.


Research analysis by and verified by the Examine.com Research Team. Last updated on Apr 29, 2017.

Human Effect Matrix

The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what supplements affect liver enzymes

Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Outcome Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
Tauroursodeoxycholic Acid
All comparative evidence is now gathered in our ​A-to-Z Supplement Reference.
The evidence for each separate supplement is still freely available ​here.
Vitamin E  
Trimethylglycine  
Chromium  
Conjugated Linoleic Acid  
Creatine  
Lactobacillus reuteri  
Nigella sativa  
Fucoxanthin  
Artichoke Extract  
Garlic  
Gynostemma pentaphyllum  
Hesperidin  
Hoodia gordonii  
L-Carnitine  
Melatonin  
Picrorhiza kurroa  
Resveratrol  
Anethum graveolens  
Astaxanthin  
Citrulline  
Citrullus colocynthis  
Cordyceps  
Curcumin  
Dehydroepiandrosterone  
Ecdysteroids  
Eleutherococcus senticosus  
Fish Oil  
Ganoderma lucidum  
Glutamine  
Green Coffee Extract  
HMB  
Inositol  
Kava  
Leucine  
Nattokinase  
Olive leaf extract  
Phosphatidylserine  
Pterostilbene  
Red Clover Extract  
Rose Hip  
S-Adenosyl Methionine  
Saffron  
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)  
Spirulina  
Andrographis paniculata  
Hibiscus sabdariffa  
Rubus coreanus  
Whey Protein  
Ashwagandha  
Black Cohosh  
Bulbine natalensis  
Cocoa Extract  
Perilla Oil  
Pyrroloquinoline quinone  
Royal Jelly  
Terminalia arjuna  
Tetradecyl Thioacetic Acid  
Tribulus terrestris  

Cite this page

"Liver Enzymes," Examine.com, published on 5 July 2013, last updated on 29 April 2017, https://examine.com/topics/liver-enzymes/