LDL-C

Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) choleterol is (sometimes falsely) seen as the 'bad' cholesterol and is the ying to HDL-C's yang. LDL serves to bring fatty acids and cholesterol from the liver and circulate them to tissues, oxidized LDL (oLDL) can contribute to heart disease.


Research analysis by and verified by the Examine.com Research Team. Last updated on Apr 29, 2017.

Human Effect Matrix

The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what supplements affect ldl-c

Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Outcome Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
Garlic
All comparative evidence is now gathered in our ​A-to-Z Supplement Reference.
The evidence for each separate supplement is still freely available ​here.
Cocoa Extract  
Fish Oil  
Policosanol  
Psyllium  
Chromium  
Red Clover Extract  
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)  
Berberine  
Green Tea Catechins  
Nigella sativa  
Olive leaf extract  
Spirulina  
Trimethylglycine  
Zinc  
Astaxanthin  
Conjugated Linoleic Acid  
Curcumin  
Dehydroepiandrosterone  
Hesperidin  
L-Carnitine  
Lactobacillus reuteri  
Vitamin E  
Krill Oil  
Soy lecithin  
Artichoke Extract  
Ashwagandha  
Ecklonia cava  
Eleutherococcus senticosus  
Ephedrine  
Ginger  
Grapefruit  
Guggul  
Irvingia gabonensis  
Microlactin  
Panax ginseng  
Pterostilbene  
Pueraria mirifica  
Pycnogenol  
Pyruvate  
Quercetin  
Resveratrol  
Rooibos  
Rose Hip  
Shilajit  
Vitamin D  
Whey Protein  
Yacon  
Anethum graveolens  
Benfotiamine  
Black Cohosh  
Blueberry  
Caffeine  
Citrulline  
Citrullus colocynthis  
Creatine  
Gamma Oryzanol  
Ganoderma lucidum  
Garcinia cambogia  
Grape Seed Extract  
Green Coffee Extract  
Gynostemma pentaphyllum  
HMB  
Hemp Protein  
Hibiscus sabdariffa  
Japanese Knotweed  
Licorice  
Magnesium  
Melatonin  
Nattokinase  
Phosphatidylcholine  
Phosphatidylserine  
Punicic Acid  
Royal Jelly  
Salvia hispanica  
Sea Buckthorn  
Theaflavins  
Vanadium  
Vitamin C  
Vitamin K  
Eclipta alba  
Emblica officinalis  
Inositol  
Medium-chain triglycerides  
Tetradecyl Thioacetic Acid  
Yerba mate  
Horse Chestnut  
Perilla Oil  
Pueraria lobata  
Pyrroloquinoline quinone  
Rubus coreanus  
Safflower Oil  
Vitamin B1  

Cite this page

"LDL-C," Examine.com, published on 6 February 2013, last updated on 29 April 2017, http://examine.com/topics/ldl-c/