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Research analysis led by Kamal Patel.
All content reviewed by the Examine.com Team. Published:
Last Updated:

Summary of Incontinence

Primary Information, Benefits, Effects, and Important Facts

Scientific Information on Incontinence

Human Effect Matrix

The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what supplements affect incontinence
Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Outcome Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
grade-c Marijuana Minor - See study
In a secondary data analysis on subjects with multiple sclerosis, it seems the side effect of incontinence may be reduced with marijuana usage.
grade-c Octopamine Minor Very High See all 3 studies
There appears to be mild benefit in stress incident female incontinence with thrice daily dosing of octopamine between 15-30mg, with up to a quarter of subjects reporting full continence from supplementation.

All comparative evidence is now gathered in our ​A-to-Z Supplement Reference.

The evidence for each separate supplement is still freely available ​here.