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There are several types of diabetes: diabetes insipidus is due to how the body responds to antidiuretic hormone; type I diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disorder that impacts the body's ability to produce insulin; type II diabetes mellitus is due to the body's poor ability to respond to insulin. When people casually say "diabetes", they're usually referring to diabetes mellitus.

Our evidence-based analysis on diabetes features 37 unique references to scientific papers.

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Summary of Diabetes

The term “diabetes” comes from an ancient Greek word meaning “to go through” or “to siphon.” The disorder was named for one of its cardinal symptoms: frequent urination. When diabetics drink liquids, they tend to “go right through them.”

There are actually several types of diabetes. Diabetes insipidus is a disorder characterised by frequent urination that can be traced back to how the body responds to a hormone known as antidiuretic hormone. However, this disorder has little in common with what most people refer to when they say “diabetes,” which is formally known as diabetes mellitus.

“Mellitus” comes from the Latin word for “honey,” which refers to the fact that people with diabetes mellitus have urine with sugar in it. There are two types, both of which have to do with insulin (which helps the body deal with sugar, hence the “sweet” urine). Type I diabetes mellitus, previously known as insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes since patients often develop it early in life and require insulin injections, is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the body’s inability to produce insulin. Type II diabetes mellitus, previously known as adult-onset or insulin-independent diabetes since patients often develop it in adulthood and do not usually need insulin injections to live, is primarily characterized by insulin resistance, where the body can usually produce insulin but has trouble responding to it.

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Frequently Asked Questions and Articles on Diabetes

Are eggs healthy?
Eggs can be considered healthy. They can have downsides depending how many you consume and your state of health, but in general they are safe to consume.
Throwdown: plant vs. animal protein for type 2 diabetes
In round one of this fight, an earlier study showed that a diet with protein-rich plants didn't provide a metabolic advantage. Round two explores metabolic impacts from a different angle: amino acid composition of plant versus animal protein.
The effects of cinnamon on blood sugar levels
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