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Dandruff is characterized by a flaky, itchy scalp and affects about 50% of the adult population. It’s most likely caused by Malassezia yeast colonization, high sebum production, and other immune and skin factors. Special hair and scalp products are the most common treatment.

Our evidence-based analysis on dandruff features 9 unique references to scientific papers.

Research analysis led by and reviewed by the Examine team.
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  1. ^ a b c Mayo Clinic. Dandruff.
  2. ^ The content of this page was partially adapted from MedlinePlus of the National Library of Medicine.
  3. ^ American Academy of Dermatology Association. How to Treat Dandruff.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Luis J Borda, Tongyu C Wikramanayake. Seborrheic Dermatitis and Dandruff: A Comprehensive Review. J Clin Investig Dermatol. (2015)
  5. ^ Sam Shuster, et al. Treatment and prophylaxis of seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp with antipityrosporal 1% ciclopirox shampoo. Arch Dermatol. (2005)
  6. ^ Esther Boelsma, et al. Human skin condition and its associations with nutrient concentrations in serum and diet. Am J Clin Nutr. (2003)
  7. ^ Britta De Pessemier, et al. Gut-Skin Axis: Current Knowledge of the Interrelationship between Microbial Dysbiosis and Skin Conditions. Microorganisms. (2021)
  8. ^ Andrew C Satchell, et al. Treatment of dandruff with 5% tea tree oil shampoo. J Am Acad Dermatol. (2002)
  9. ^ Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, et al. Seborrheic dermatitis: an update. Acta Dermatovenerol Croat. (2012)