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Cognition

Cognition broadly represents the workings of the mind. Individual pages for specific cognitive faculties (memory, attention, alertness, processing speed, etc.) will generally be more useful.

Research analysis led by .
Reviewed by
Examine.com Team
Last Updated:

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Human Effect Matrix

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The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies to tell you what supplements affect Cognition.

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Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Supplement Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
grade-b Notable Very High See all 4 studies
Notably effective assuming fatigue is being reduced. There is insufficient evidence to evaluate rhodiola's effects on cognition without the fatigue reduction aspect
grade-b Minor High See all 3 studies
There may be an improvement in cognitive performance secondary to reducing symptoms of schizophrenia, and while there is mechanistic plausibility that this can also work in normal controls it has not yet been demonstrated
grade-b Minor High See all 7 studies
Other parameters of cognition are differentially influenced by ginkgo, as facial recognition in those with dementia has noted improvement yet trip planning in middle-aged persons is unaffected.

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