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Cardiovascular Disease Mortality

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Summary of Cardiovascular Disease Mortality

Scientific Information on Cardiovascular Disease Mortality

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Human Effect Matrix

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The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies to tell you what supplements affect Cardiovascular Disease Mortality.

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Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Supplement Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
grade-b Minor Low See all 3 studies
A possible protective effect on overall cardiovascular disease mortality (not development of the disease states or incidences) has been reported with supplementation of 600 IU vitamin E every other day.
grade-b - Very High See 2 studies
Despite the benefits towards circulating lipids, overall mortality from cardiovascular disease does not appear to be significantly altered with niacin usage in pharmacological doses.
grade-d - - See study

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