Bone Mineral Density

Bone mineral density (BMD) is the density of mineral in bone tissue (more mass in the same area causing an increase in density), and is thought to reflect structural integrity of bones. Improving BMD reduces the risk of osteoporosis and falls in the elderly.


Research analysis by and verified by the Examine.com Research Team. Last updated on Apr 29, 2017.

Human Effect Matrix

The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what supplements affect bone mineral density

Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Outcome Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
Vitamin K
All comparative evidence is now gathered in our ​A-to-Z Supplement Reference.
The evidence for each separate supplement is still freely available ​here.
Creatine  
Dehydroepiandrosterone  
Red Clover Extract  
Coleus forskohlii  
Horny Goat Weed  
Magnesium  
Vitamin C  
Conjugated Linoleic Acid  
HMB  
Leucic Acid  
Vitamin D  
Whey Protein  
Yerba mate  
Black Cohosh  
Calcium  
Fish Oil