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Body Fat

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Summary of Body Fat

Primary Information, Benefits, Effects, and Important Facts

Scientific Information on Body Fat

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Human Effect Matrix

The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what supplements affect body fat.
Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Supplement Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
grade-d Minor Moderate See 2 studies
One study on obese participants found a small reduction over 4 weeks with doses of 15 and 30 ml, but not a placebo. The greater reduction was seen in the 30 ml group While both apple cider vinegar groups reported a greater reduction in energy intake than the placebo group, the low-dose group reported the greatest reduction. It's important to note that these records can be inaccurate.
grade-d - See study
In one study, body fat percentage was reduced by 0.6% after 12 weeks in a mixed-weight group. The placebo group so no notable change. Weight loss wasn't the focus of the study and more studies are needed.
grade-d - - See study
No apparent effect in type 2 diabetics over the course of 8 weeks, eating what they chose.

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Frequently Asked Questions and Articles on Body Fat

Measuring body fat percentage: It's an accuracy thing
Comparing DEXA versus Bod Pod for people with different BMI.