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Atherosclerosis

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Summary of Atherosclerosis

Scientific Information on Atherosclerosis

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Human Effect Matrix

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The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies to tell you what supplements affect Atherosclerosis.

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Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Supplement Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
grade-c Minor - See study
Stasis has been reported in the growth of arterial plaque over 48 months when people consume 900mg of garlic, but this effect may only be statistically significant for women.
grade-c Minor - See study
In high risk subjects, supplementation of ginkgo biloba appeared to reduce atherosclerotic buildup relative to control at the standard supplemental dose.
grade-d
Minor
- See 2 studies
On the one hand, one study found a reduction in carotid intima-medial thickness over the course of 12 weeks, and another found no effect on total plaque volume after 6 months, but did find a notable increase in stenosis when taking carnitine, though most of the study isn't available. Much more research is needed to discern what can be expected from long-term carnitine supplementation.

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grade-d  

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