There are 24 Essential Vitamins and Minerals, twelve of each.
These compounds are normally obtained through a healthy diet, and are absolutely crucial to intake (via either supplementation or diet) for optimal human functioning.
Ingesting optimal levels results in optimal human functioning (relative to deficiency states), having a lesser than optimal intake results in what are known as 'sub-clinical' deficiencies which are non-optimal states that are not necessarily adverse.
Although rare, clinical or 'true' deficiency states may occur with prolonged avoidance of said vitamin or mineral. These states usually have unique names, like Rickets (Vitamin D deficiency) or Scurvy (Vitamin C deficiency).
Higher levels of vitamins and minerals, above what is needed for optimal health, is not necessarily better and may actually be harmful. Each vitamin or mineral has a recommended intake range which should be aimed for through diet first and supplementation afterwards.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Questions and answers regarding Vitamin
Q: Do B vitamins increase the risk of getting cancer?
A: Recent evidence has linked B vitamins (specifically B6 and B12) to an increased risk of lung cancer in men, especially in smokers. Here, we analyze the study and interview the lead author, Dr. Theodore Brasky.
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Q: 5 supplements (and foods) for a stronger heart
A: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the #1 cause of death globally. But a mix of the right foods and complementary supplements can help decrease your risk factors.
Read full answer to "5 supplements (and foods) for a stronger heart"
Q: When should I take Vitamin D?
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Q: Can vitamin D-crease pain?
A: Vitamin D supplementation reduces pain significantly more than placebo, especially among hospitalized patients with chronic pain conditions.
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Q: How can you increase testosterone naturally?
A: Quality sleep, physical activity, and weight management come first. A few supplements can help sustain healthy testosterone levels, but most supplements marketed as testosterone boosters don’t work, though some can make you believe they do by boosting your libido.
Read full answer to "How can you increase testosterone naturally?"
Q: Should you take a multivitamin?
A: Although multivitamins can address multiple nutritional deficiencies, they don’t seem to help most people live longer. They may, however, benefit certain at-risk populations.
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Q: Do I need to supplement Vitamin D if I drink fortified milk?
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Q: Should you supplement with vitamin K?
A: Research is still scarce, but current evidence suggests that, through their effect on calcium regulation, some forms of vitamin K can help prevent osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases.
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Q: Can vitamin D cure depression?
A: Many people get depressed during the winter months, when we produce less vitamin D. So, can supplemental vitamin D cure seasonal depression, and maybe other types of depression? No, alas — but it may help.
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(Common misspellings for Vitamin include vitmin, vitamn, minral, minerl, dietry, esential, essenshul, essentil)
Cite this page
"Vitamin," Examine.com, published on 6 February 2013, last updated on
11 June 2018,