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Vitamin

The essential vitamins and minerals are a group of 24 vitamins (organic compounds containing carbon molecules) or minerals (elements on the periodic table). They are all vital to life, and all can be consumed via food. Found in multivitamins, it is wise to supplement those you underconsume.

Our evidence-based analysis on vitamin features 280 unique references to scientific papers.

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Vitamin Summary

There are 24 Essential Vitamins and Minerals, twelve of each.

These compounds are normally obtained through a healthy diet, and are absolutely crucial to intake (via either supplementation or diet) for optimal human functioning.

Ingesting optimal levels results in optimal human functioning (relative to deficiency states), having a lesser than optimal intake results in what are known as 'sub-clinical' deficiencies which are non-optimal states that are not necessarily adverse.

Although rare, clinical or 'true' deficiency states may occur with prolonged avoidance of said vitamin or mineral. These states usually have unique names, like Rickets (Vitamin D deficiency) or Scurvy (Vitamin C deficiency).

Higher levels of vitamins and minerals, above what is needed for optimal health, is not necessarily better and may actually be harmful. Each vitamin or mineral has a recommended intake range which should be aimed for through diet first and supplementation afterwards.

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Things to Note

Also Known As

Dietary Vitamin, Dietary Mineral, Essential vitamins or minerals, Essential Vitamin, Essential Mineral

Do Not Confuse With

Non-essential Vitamins or Mineral, Pseudovitamins

Caution Notice

Each vitamin or mineral has a recommended intake, and more is not necessarily better.

The dose makes the poison, and almost all vitamins and minerals have certain cases where an excess of said compound has caused harm.

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Click here to see all 280 references.