Summary of Meditation
Primary Information, Benefits, Effects, and Important Facts
Meditation seems simple, and for some it is.
Most meditation practices involve sitting, closing your eyes, and being aware of your breath, body, and thoughts ... without judging them.
Meditation is different than just sitting around, because there is an intention of being still, mindful, aware, and nonjudgmental. It's differant than yoga, which is a movement practice typically centered on awareness of the body, and less so thoughts. Prayer is tied to the idea of a higher power, whereas meditation typically is not.
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Things To Know & Note
Also Known As
MBSR, mindfulness-meditation, sitting-practice
Do Not Confuse With
Caution NoticeExamine.com Medical Disclaimer
Meditation isn't the only way to relieve stress or help issues related to intrusive thoughts. For example, CBT (and a variety of other modalities) have also shown efficacy, and it's not clear how to predict who will do best with which type of treatment.
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Human Effect Matrix
The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what effects meditation has on your body, and how strong these effects are.
|Grade||Level of Evidence [show legend]|
|Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials|
|Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled|
|Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies|
|Uncontrolled or observational studies only|
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
|Notable||- See study|
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- Tovote KA, et al. What works best for whom? Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for depressive symptoms in patients with diabetes. PLoS One. (2017)
- Cebolla A, et al. Unwanted effects: Is there a negative side of meditation? A multicentre survey. PLoS One. (2017)
- Henderson VP, et al. The effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life in early-stage breast cancer patients: a randomized trial. Breast Cancer Res Treat. (2012)