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High Fructose Corn Syrup

Our evidence-based analysis on high fructose corn syrup features 15 unique references to scientific papers.

Research analysis led by and reviewed by the Examine team.
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  1. Sugars and satiety: does the type of sweetener make a difference?.
  2. The effects of four hypocaloric diets containing different levels of sucrose or high fructose corn syrup on weight loss and related parameters.
  3. Forshee RA, et al. A critical examination of the evidence relating high fructose corn syrup and weight gain. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. (2007)
  4. Stanhope KL, et al. Twenty-four-hour endocrine and metabolic profiles following consumption of high-fructose corn syrup-, sucrose-, fructose-, and glucose-sweetened beverages with meals. Am J Clin Nutr. (2008)
  5. Soenen S, Westerterp-Plantenga MS. No differences in satiety or energy intake after high-fructose corn syrup, sucrose, or milk preloads. Am J Clin Nutr. (2007)
  6. Melanson KJ, et al. Effects of high-fructose corn syrup and sucrose consumption on circulating glucose, insulin, leptin, and ghrelin and on appetite in normal-weight women. Nutrition. (2007)
  7. Bocarsly ME, et al. High-fructose corn syrup causes characteristics of obesity in rats: increased body weight, body fat and triglyceride levels. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. (2010)
  8. Le MT, et al. Effects of high-fructose corn syrup and sucrose on the pharmacokinetics of fructose and acute metabolic and hemodynamic responses in healthy subjects. Metabolism. (2011)
  9. Bray GA, Nielsen SJ, Popkin BM. Consumption of high-fructose corn syrup in beverages may play a role in the epidemic of obesity. Am J Clin Nutr. (2004)
  10. Moeller SM, et al. The effects of high fructose syrup. J Am Coll Nutr. (2009)
  11. Duffey KJ, Popkin BM. High-fructose corn syrup: is this what's for dinner. Am J Clin Nutr. (2008)
  12. Bray GA. Fructose: should we worry. Int J Obes (Lond). (2008)
  13. Dekker MJ, et al. Fructose: a highly lipogenic nutrient implicated in insulin resistance, hepatic steatosis, and the metabolic syndrome. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. (2010)
  14. Monsivais P, Perrigue MM, Drewnowski A. Sugars and satiety: does the type of sweetener make a difference. Am J Clin Nutr. (2007)
  15. Melanson KJ, et al. High-fructose corn syrup, energy intake, and appetite regulation. Am J Clin Nutr. (2008)