Summary of Energy Drinks
TL;DR - contains multiple supplements
Energy Drinks are a classification of drinks designed to provide acute neural benefits such as stimulation, focus, and anti-fatigue. Most energy drinks have caffeine as their primary ingredient.
'Energy Drinks' are fairly well studied as a combination of ingredients, and even more so as isolated ingredients. That being said, sometimes the combination of ingredients exerts different effects than isolated ingredients (when beneficial, it is known as 'synergism')
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Things To Know & Note
Also Known As
Redbull Energy Drink, Monster Energy Drink, Full Throttle Energy Drink, NOS Energy Drink
Do Not Confuse With
Caffeine (Main ingredient)
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Frequently Asked Questions about Energy Drinks
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Scientific Research on Energy Drinks
'Energy Drinks' are a classification of functional drinks and the exact composition can and most likely will vary depending on what energy drink you consume. Always look at the label(s) to see what ingredients are in the energy drinks.
The most common ingredients include:
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) usually as Cyanocobalamin
Niacin (vitamin B3)
Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6)
Panthotenic Acid (Vitamin B5)
Riboflavon (Vitamin B2)
Other ingredients that are not common, but have been found in Energy Drinks, include:
Due to the caffeine content, it is generally accepted that energy drinks may acutely increase blood pressure (usually in the caffeine naive). However, a presentation at the European Society of Cardiology (2012) noted that after consumption of an Energy Drink containing Taurine that heart function increased despite increases in blood pressure.
- Energy drinks improve heart function.
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- Event-Related Survey of High Consumers of Energy Drinks.
- Gathering consumption data on specific consumer groups of energy drinks.
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- Clinical Trial on the Effects of Caffeine and Taurine From Energy Drinks (EDs) to Parameters of the Cardiovascular System in Humans.
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- Long QT Syndrome.
- Short QT syndrome.
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- Grasser EK, et al. Cardio- and cerebrovascular responses to the energy drink Red Bull in young adults: a randomized cross-over study. Eur J Nutr. (2014)
- Svatikova A, et al. A Randomized Trial of Cardiovascular Responses to Energy Drink Consumption in Healthy Adults. JAMA. (2015)
- Ragsdale FR, et al. Effect of Red Bull energy drink on cardiovascular and renal function. Amino Acids. (2010)
- Shearer J, Graham TE. Performance effects and metabolic consequences of caffeine and caffeinated energy drink consumption on glucose disposal. Nutr Rev. (2014)
- Loh DA, et al. Sugar-sweetened beverage intake and its associations with cardiometabolic risks among adolescents. Pediatr Obes. (2017)
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- Zhou A, Hyppönen E. Long-term coffee consumption, caffeine metabolism genetics, and risk of cardiovascular disease: a prospective analysis of up to 347,077 individuals and 8368 cases. Am J Clin Nutr. (2019)
- An assessment of their market size, consumer demographics, ingredient profile, functionality, and regulations in the United States.
- Fact Sheets - Alcohol and Caffeine.
- Roemer A, Stockwell T. Alcohol Mixed With Energy Drinks and Risk of Injury: A Systematic Review. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. (2017)
- Campbell B, et al. International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: energy drinks. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. (2013)