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Aronia melanocarpa

Aronia melanocarpa, commonly known as the black chokeberry, is a sour berry with a high anthocyanin and anti-oxidant content. It is being researched for its potential health benefits.

Our evidence-based analysis on aronia melanocarpa features 25 unique references to scientific papers.

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Summary of Aronia melanocarpa

Primary Information, Benefits, Effects, and Important Facts

Aronia melanocarpa , commonly known as the black chokeberry, is a sour berry being researched for its potential health benefits.

Black chokeberries have a high anthocyanin content. Anthocyanins are the molecules responsible for the blue and red pigments in the berry. Black chokeberries also have more anti-oxidant molecules than blueberries.

Preliminary evidence suggests black chokeberry supplementation can reduce total cholesterol and blood glucose when taken by people with elevated cholesterol and glucose, but further research is needed to confirm this effect.

Black chokeberries do not possess a unique mechanism. The health effects seen with black chokeberry supplementation may be similar to the effects of blueberries and grape seed extract, since black chokeberries also contain cyanidin and procyanidin compounds.

Black chokeberries are a good food choice for people that want to consume more antioxidants and anthocyanins. Personal taste may be an issue, since the berry is sour and astringent.

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How to Take

Medical Disclaimer

Recommended dosage, active amounts, other details

Approximately 200 mL of unsweetened black chokeberry juice or 300 mg of a black chokeberry extract have been shown to provide benefits following supplementation.

The benefits of this dose and supplement is comparable to the effects associated with the recommended dosage of blueberry supplementation.

Aronia melanocarpa should be supplemented daily.

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Human Effect Matrix

The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what effects aronia melanocarpa has on your body, and how strong these effects are.
Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Outcome Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
grade-d Notable - See study
Requires more evidence, but it appears to reduce oxidative parameters more than other supplements.
grade-d Notable - See study
Definitely requires more evidence, but appears to be fairly effective at reducing lipid peroxidation and other oxidative parameters (lone study noting a 40% reduction with aronia)
grade-d Minor - See study
Requires more studies before conclusions can be made, appears to simply be exerting anti-oxidant effects.
grade-d Minor - See study
Requires more studies before conclusions can be made, appears to simply be exerting anti-oxidant effects.
grade-d Minor Very High See 2 studies
Requires more studies before conclusions can be made, appears to simply be exerting anti-oxidant effects.
grade-d Minor - See study
Requires more studies before conclusions can be made, appears to simply be exerting anti-oxidant effects.

Things to Note

Is a Form Of

Also Known As

Chokeberry, Black Apple Berry, RowanBerry (hybrids with Aronia), Aronox (Brand Name)

Do Not Confuse With

Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana), Non-hybrid Rowanberries (Sorbus aucuparia)

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Click here to see all 25 references.