Long-term Effects Of A Palaeolithic-type Diet In Obese Postmenopausal Women: A 2-year Randomized Trial
Notes for this study:
||24 month change: Systolic: Paleo Diet: −3.7 ± 3.5/−4.8 ± 1.5 mmHg; Control diet: +1.7 ± 2.2/-1.5 ± 1.8 (Mean ± SE) Diastolic Paleo diet: −4.8 ± 1.5 Control Diet: −1.5 ± 1.8
|Number of Subjects
Primary outcome was change in DEXA-measured total fat mass. Diet intervention included lean meat, fish, eggs, vegetables, fruits, berries, nuts, monounsaturated fatty acids, and polyunsaturated fatty acids, and provided 30% of calories from protein, 40% from fat, and 30% from carbohydrates. Added salt, refined salt, cereals, and dairy were excluded. The control diet was based on the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations, which provided 15% of calories from protein, 25-30% from fat, and 55-60% carbohydrates.
Dropout rates were high: 23% for the Paleo diet group, 37% for the control diet group.