Long-term Effects Of A Palaeolithic-type Diet In Obese Postmenopausal Women: A 2-year Randomized Trial

Effect Decrease
Values 24 month change: Paleo Diet: -0.45 ± 0.23 mg/L; Control diet: -0.05 ± 0.29 (Mean ± SE)
Trial Design Randomized trial
Trial Length 6+ Months
Number of Subjects 70
Sex Female
Age Range 45-64, 65+
Body Types Obese, Overweight
Notes for this study:
Primary outcome was change in DEXA-measured total fat mass. Diet intervention included lean meat, fish, eggs, vegetables, fruits, berries, nuts, monounsaturated fatty acids, and polyunsaturated fatty acids, and provided 30% of calories from protein, 40% from fat, and 30% from carbohydrates. Added salt, refined salt, cereals, and dairy were excluded. The control diet was based on the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations, which provided 15% of calories from protein, 25-30% from fat, and 55-60% carbohydrates.
Dropout rates were high: 23% for the Paleo diet group, 37% for the control diet group.