Echinacea Purpurea And Mucosal Immunity

Effect Decrease
Trial Design Double blind
Trial Length n/a
Number of Subjects 32
Sex n/a
Notes for this study:
4 weeks supplementation of echinacea paired with exercise known to reduce sailvary s-IgA levels (biomarker of immunity) failed to find a difference in rates of sickness although there was a reported decrease in length of sickness and attenuation in s-IgA, the biomarker of immunity chosen