Vinegar Intake Reduces Body Weight, Body Fat Mass, And Serum Triglyceride Levels In Obese Japanese Subjects
Notes for this study:
||Body fat ratio %. Mean + SD. Placebo: before 29.9 ± 6.8, after 29.9 ± 6.9. Low dose: before 30.3 ± 7.2, after 29.6 ± 7.1. High dose: before 30.2 ± 7.6, after 29.3 ± 7.5
|Number of Subjects
||18-29, 30-44, 45-64
In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 175 overweight participants were assigned to 0, 15, or 30 ml of apple cider vinegar for 12 weeks after a 3-week pretreatment period and followed by a 4-week post-treatment period. During the 12 weeks of apple cider vinegar, there were no statistically significant differences between groups in energy intake from dietary records, though the low dose group and, to a lesser extent, the high dose group reduces their energy intake by more. After 12 weeks, the apple cider vinegar roups saw a greater reduction in body weight (more so the high dose group), body fat ratio, waist and hip circumference, and waist-hip ratio (not significantly different from each other) than the placebo group.
There was a statistically significant, greater reduction in triglycerides and total cholesterol in the low-dose group and triglycerides and systolic blood pressure in the high dose group as compared with placebo. LDL, HDL, fasting glucose, insulin, HbA1c, HOMA-IR, and diastolic blood pressure weren't significantly different.