Studies related to and

Regular Consumption Of A Flavanol-rich Chocolate Can Improve Oxidant Stress In Young Soccer Players

Effect Increase
Trial Design Double blind
Trial Length 1-7 Days
Number of Subjects 28
Sex Male
Age Range 18-29
Body Types Trained, Average
Notes for this study:
One week consumption of cocoa flavanols (168mg) via 105g chocolate in otherwise healthy young soccer players was able to improve oxidative status relative to a low flavanol control, but their performance (Assessed by self-report) did not appear to be significantly improved.

Despite the decrease in cholesterol, serum vitamin E was unchanged causing an increase in the vitamin E/cholesterol ratio. Other vitamin biomarkers such as beta-carotene, lycopene, and CoQ10 were unaffected.