Study under review: The impact of exercise training versus caloric restriction on inflammation markers: a systemic review and meta-analysis
What are the effects of exercise, as compared to caloric restriction, and exercise plus caloric restriction, as compared to caloric restriction only, on markers of inflammation in people with overweight or obesity?
Other Articles in Issue #78 (April 2021)
Mini: How much can the concept of “food addiction” explain overeating and obesity?
Is food addiction a useful concept? In this Mini, we quickly cover the main points of agreement and disagreement from a recent debate between two experts in the field.
Deeper Dive: Investigating the relationship between vitamin C, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease
Vitamin C supplementation seems to make a dent in blood pressure in people with diabetes. Its effect on glycemic control is less certain.
Dairy disappoints: No beneficial effects found for glucose management
Observational studies suggest that dairy may help with glycemic control. But this randomized controlled trial tells a different story.
Deeper Dive: The effects of melatonin on sleep quality in the context of various diseases
Melatonin works particularly well to improve sleep quality in people with metabolic and respiratory diseases, but the effect size isn't huge.
Mini: Sex differences in the association between body composition and cardiovascular mortality
Higher muscle mass predicts a lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease in men. But in women, higher fat mass plays this role. In this Mini, we give some details and possible explanations for these recent findings.
Comparing animal and plant protein in the context of resistance training
Are high-protein vegan diets any different from high-protein omnivorous diets when it comes to gains? This study aimed to find out.
Deeper Dive: Investigating intermittent fasting for protection against heart disease
Intermittent fasting could be heart-healthy, but more data is needed before saying for sure.