Other Articles in Issue #13 (November 2015)
What are you feeding your bacteria?
While probiotics get most of the press, prebiotics arguably have more potential for altering one’s microbiome. This study looks at a promising type of prebiotic supplement to see if it might impact appetite and inflammation.
Breakfast: A disempowering nutritional dogma
By Martin MacDonald, Msc
Return of the globule: milk fat strikes back
Milk fat is structurally different than most other fats, and the milk fat globule membrane has been looked at previously (twice in Study Deep Dives, in fact) for its impact on chronic disease. But could it also impact response to exercise?
Studies have shown that supplement buyers generally trust the supplements they buy. That might not be the safest assumption, as dietary supplements that are presumed helpful or neutral may sometimes cause serious side effects, as quantified by this study.
Probiotics and the propensity for portliness
When you eat a meal, your gut bacteria also eats a meal. And gut bacteria are increasingly looked at for their influence on chronic disease. This study looks at the effect of a specific probiotic blend on weight gain.
The espresso effect: caffeine and circadian rhythm
Your daily rhythms are influenced by “zeitgebers” such as light and exercise. But until now, we haven’t known the exact impact of late-day caffeine intake on melatonin and circadian rhythms.
Human eating patterns ... there’s an app for that
Eating throughout the day has become quite normal, given the ubiquitous availability of snack foods. Partly due to this, diet research has been plagued by inaccurate self-reports. This study used an app to get around that issue.
Does marijuana actually boost creativity?
Ancedotally, weed has been claimed as a creativity booster for decades. With THC having an effect on dopamine, a plausible mechanism exists. This randomized trial puts marijuana to the test.
Diet and autism: no gluten, no casein, no difference?
Gluten and casein are two food components often linked with autism spectrum disorder symptoms. Hence the prevalance of wheat and dairy free diets. But will they work in a rigorously controlled trial?