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What’s better for improving inflammation: exercise or caloric restriction?
In people with overweight or obesity, combining exercise with caloric restriction leads has the biggest impact on inflammation, according to this recent meta-analysis.
Betaine supplementation: a double-edged sword for CVD markers
This meta-analysis suggested that betaine doses under 4 grams daily can lower homocysteine without necessarily raising LDL-C, but there's still a lot of uncertainty.
Investigating the efficacy of protein supplementation for older people with and without resistance training
This randomized controlled trial found that protein supplementation needs to be paired with heavier resistance training to help keep older people's muscles healthy.
Deeper Dive: Flavonoids may slightly speed up recovery from muscle-damaging exercise
According to this recent meta-analysis, flavonoid-containing polyphenolic supplements can slightly improve muscle soreness and strength after a single bout of heavy exercise.
Mini: Sports nutrition tips for active women
We provide some of the big-picture takeaways from a recent narrative review covering nutritional strategies for active women.
Deeper Dive: A spoonful of vinegar might make blood sugar go down
Acetic acid may help with glycemic control while lowering triglycerides, but the studies included in this meta-analysis had a high risk of bias.
Deeper Dive: Cinnamon may improve biomarkers of metabolic diseases
This meta-analysis found cinnamon supplementation can improve lipid levels, blood pressure, glycemic control, and waist circumference in adults with metabolic diseases. While these results are promising, there are still quite a few open questions.
A modified keto diet may slow some declines associated with Alzheimer’s disease
This recent trial found that a keto diet helped people with mild Alzheimer's disease perform activities of daily living while improving their quality of life.
Nulls: January-February 2021
Get a quick rundown of recent studies that found no evidence for an effect in the latest installment of Nulls!
Mini: Sex differences in the association between body composition and cardiovascular mortality
Higher muscle mass predicts a lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease in men. But in women, higher fat mass plays this role. In this Mini, we give some details and possible explanations for these recent findings.
Deeper Dive: Investigating intermittent fasting for protection against heart disease
Intermittent fasting could be heart-healthy, but more data is needed before saying for sure.
Comparing animal and plant protein in the context of resistance training
Are high-protein vegan diets any different from high-protein omnivorous diets when it comes to gains? This study aimed to find out.
Deeper Dive: The effects of melatonin on sleep quality in the context of various diseases
Melatonin works particularly well to improve sleep quality in people with metabolic and respiratory diseases, but the effect size isn't huge.
Dairy disappoints: No beneficial effects found for glucose management
Observational studies suggest that dairy may help with glycemic control. But this randomized controlled trial tells a different story.
Deeper Dive: Investigating the relationship between vitamin C, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease
Vitamin C supplementation seems to make a dent in blood pressure in people with diabetes. Its effect on glycemic control is less certain.
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