Muscle Damage

Muscle damage refers to the breaking of muscle tissue during exercise, and is approximately by measuring some biomarkers in the blood released by damaged muscle (such as creatine kinase). Reducing muscle damage may alleviate soreness from exercise.

This page features 1 unique references to scientific papers.

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The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (excluding animal/petri-dish studies) to tell you what supplements affect Muscle Damage
Grade Level of Evidence
A Robust research conducted with repeated double blind clinical trials
B Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
C Single double blind study or multiple cohort studies
D Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
Magnitude of Effect Size
Scientific Consensus Comments
Comparative Health Goals evidence only available to buyers of our Supplement-Goals Reference

All information is still available and viewable on their respective supplement page.
B Creatine
B L-Carnitine
B Vitamin C
C Blueberry
C Coenzyme Q10
C Melatonin
C Methylsulfonylmethane
C Panax ginseng
C Rhodiola Rosea
C Vitamin E
C Anatabine
C Astaxanthin
C Fish Oil
C Glutamine
C Phosphatidylserine
C Taurine


  1. Jenkins ND, et al The effects of anatabine on non-invasive indicators of muscle damage: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study . J Int Soc Sports Nutr. (2013)

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