Lean Mass

Lean Mass is overall body mass after Fat Mass has been subtracted. It consists of organs, bone, the brain, water and contractile muscle; since changes in the first three do not occur often, changes in lean mass are assumed to either be muscle tissue, glycogen (energy storage) or water.

   

lbm, lean body mass

The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (excluding animal/petri-dish studies) to tell you what what supplements affect Lean Mass
GradeLevel of Evidence
ARobust research conducted with repeated double blind clinical trials
BMultiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
CSingle double blind study or multiple cohort studies
DUncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
SupplementChange
Magnitude of Effect Size
Scientific ConsensusComments
ACreatine
Comparative Health Goals evidence only available to buyers of our Supplement-Goals Reference

All information is still available and viewable on their respective supplement page.
AConjugated Linoleic Acid
BDehydroepiandrosterone
BWhey Protein
BHMB
BChromium
BColostrum
CL-Carnitine
CYohimbine
CPunicic Acid
CBeta-Alanine
CLicorice
CColeus forskohlii
CVelvet Antler
CTribulus terrestris
CEcdysteroids
CFenugreek
CVitamin D
CFish Oil
CLeucine
CArachidonic acid
CLeucic Acid
CArginine
CGlutamine
CD-Aspartic Acid
CHoodia gordonii
CTrimethylglycine
DEurycoma Longifolia Jack
DSafflower Oil
DAshwagandha

References

  1. Ahmad MK, et al. Withania somnifera improves semen quality by regulating reproductive hormone levels and oxidative stress in seminal plasma of infertile males. Fertil Steril. (2010)
  2. Mikolai J, et al. In vivo effects of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) extract on the activation of lymphocytes. J Altern Complement Med. (2009)
  3. Andallu B, Radhika B. Hypoglycemic, diuretic and hypocholesterolemic effect of winter cherry (Withania somnifera, Dunal) root. Indian J Exp Biol. (2000)
  4. Mamidi P, Thakar AB. Efficacy of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera Dunal. Linn.) in the management of psychogenic erectile dysfunction. Ayu. (2011)
  5. Chandrasekhar K, Kapoor J, Anishetty S. A prospective, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study of safety and efficacy of a high-concentration full-spectrum extract of ashwagandha root in reducing stress and anxiety in adults. Indian J Psychol Med. (2012)
  6. Gupta A, et al. Efficacy of Withania somnifera on seminal plasma metabolites of infertile males: A proton NMR study at 800MHz. J Ethnopharmacol. (2013)
  7. Cooley K, et al. Naturopathic care for anxiety: a randomized controlled trial ISRCTN78958974. PLoS One. (2009)
  8. Sandhu JS, et al. Effects of Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) and Terminalia arjuna (Arjuna) on physical performance and cardiorespiratory endurance in healthy young adults. Int J Ayurveda Res. (2010)
  9. Agnihotri AP, et al. Effects of Withania somnifera in patients of schizophrenia: A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled pilot trial study. Indian J Pharmacol. (2013)
  10. Shenoy S, et al. Effects of eight-week supplementation of Ashwagandha on cardiorespiratory endurance in elite Indian cyclists. J Ayurveda Integr Med. (2012)
  11. Raut AA, et al. Exploratory study to evaluate tolerability, safety, and activity of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) in healthy volunteers. J Ayurveda Integr Med. (2012)
  12. Biswal BM, et al. Effect of Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) on the development of chemotherapy-induced fatigue and quality of life in breast cancer patients. Integr Cancer Ther. (2013)
  13. Mahdi AA, et al. Withania somnifera Improves Semen Quality in Stress-Related Male Fertility. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. (2009)
  14. Andrade C, et al. A double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of the anxiolytic efficacy ff an ethanolic extract of withania somnifera. Indian J Psychiatry. (2000)

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