Bone Mineral Density

Bone mineral density (BMD) is the density of mineral in bone tissue (more mass in the same area causing an increase in density), and is thought to reflect structural integrity of bones. Improving BMD reduces the risk of osteoporosis and falls in the elderly.


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The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (excluding animal/petri-dish studies) to tell you what what supplements affect Bone Mineral Density
GradeLevel of Evidence
ARobust research conducted with repeated double blind clinical trials
BMultiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
CSingle double blind study or multiple cohort studies
DUncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
Magnitude of Effect Size
Scientific ConsensusComments
AVitamin K
Comparative Health Goals evidence only available to buyers of our Supplement-Goals Reference

All information is still available and viewable on their respective supplement page.
BRed Clover Extract
CVitamin C
CConjugated Linoleic Acid
CWhey Protein
CColeus forskohlii
CHorny Goat Weed
CLeucic Acid
CVitamin D
DYerba mate
DBlack Cohosh
DFish Oil


  1. Ditscheid B, Keller S, Jahreis G. Faecal steroid excretion in humans is affected by calcium supplementation and shows gender-specific differences. Eur J Nutr. (2009)
  2. Govers MJ, et al. Calcium in milk products precipitates intestinal fatty acids and secondary bile acids and thus inhibits colonic cytotoxicity in humans. Cancer Res. (1996)
  3. Cinar V, et al. Testosterone levels in athletes at rest and exhaustion: effects of calcium supplementation. Biol Trace Elem Res. (2009)
  4. Malpeli A, et al. Calcium supplementation, bone mineral density and bone mineral content. Predictors of bone mass changes in adolescent mothers during the 6-month postpartum period. Arch Latinoam Nutr. (2012)

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