There are 24 Essential Vitamins and Minerals, twelve of each.
These compounds are normally obtained through a healthy diet, and are absolutely crucial to intake (via either supplementation or diet) for optimal human functioning.
Ingesting optimal levels results in optimal human functioning (relative to deficiency states), having a lesser than optimal intake results in what are known as 'sub-clinical' deficiencies which are non-optimal states that are not necessarily adverse.
Although rare, clinical or 'true' deficiency states may occur with prolonged avoidance of said vitamin or mineral. These states usually have unique names, like Rickets (Vitamin D deficiency) or Scurvy (Vitamin C deficiency).
Higher levels of vitamins and minerals, above what is needed for optimal health, is not necessarily better and may actually be harmful. Each vitamin or mineral has a recommended intake range which should be aimed for through diet first and supplementation afterwards.
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Also Known As
Dietary Vitamin, Dietary Mineral, Essential vitamins or minerals, Essential Vitamin, Essential Mineral
Do Not Confuse With
Non-essential Vitamins or Mineral, Pseudovitamins
Each vitamin or mineral has a recommended intake, and more is not necessarily better.
The dose makes the poison, and almost all vitamins and minerals have certain cases where an excess of said compound has caused harm.
Examine.com Medical Disclaimer
List of Essential Vitamin or Mineral Supplements
Scientific Support & Reference Citations
Writing Group for the NINDS Exploratory Trials in Parkinson Disease (NET-PD) Investigators, et al Effect of creatine monohydrate on clinical progression in patients with Parkinson disease: a randomized clinical trial
. JAMA. (2015)
Taylor MJ1, et al Folate for depressive disorders
. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. (2003)
Godfrey PS1, et al Enhancement of recovery from psychiatric illness by methylfolate
. Lancet. (1990)
Kushwaha S1, Chawla P1, Kochhar A1 Effect of supplementation of drumstick (Moringa oleifera) and amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor) leaves powder on antioxidant profile and oxidative status among postmenopausal women
. J Food Sci Technol. (2014)
(Common misspellings for Essential Vitamin or Mineral include vitmin, vitamn, minral, minerl, dietry, esential, essenshul, essentil)
(Editors who contributed to this page include
Sol, KurtisFrank )