Also Known As
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The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what effects amaranth has on your body, and how strong these effects are.
|Grade||Level of Evidence|
|Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials|
|Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled|
|Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies|
|Uncontrolled or observational studies only|
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
|Treatment of Parkinsons||-||Low See study|
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Amaranth is the common name used to refer to plants in the amaranthus genus (of the Amaranthaceae family).
While the grain of these plants is used nutritively, the leaves are also sometimes used as dietary supplements.
Amaranth tends to contain:
Betacyanins, the pigments that gives amaranth a red colouration. The overall levels varying depending on growing conditions such as soil quality and light levels. Concentrations have been noted to be in the range of 7-30mg/100g fresh weight of sprouts
One study using the leaves of amaranthus tricolor (9 grams over three months) in postmenopausal women found that supplementation was associated with a 10.4% reduction in fasting glucose compared to control. This change was attributed to the antioxidant properties of the leaves, as benefit was also found in this study with Moringa oleifera which acts via its antioxidant content.
When tested in RAW 264.7 macrophages, amaranth seeds and sprouts from amaranthus cruentus (10 μg/mL) appeared to exert an antiinflammatory effect by inhibiting NF-kB translocation and limiting the amount of IL-6 secreted after stimulation from LPS.
In postmenopausal women given supplemental amaranth (9 grams of the leaf powder) over the course of three months, supplementation appeared to have a small benefit to the amount of the antioxidant enzyme known as superoxide dismutase (SOD; increase of 10.8%) and concomitant decrease in lipid peroxidation (9.6% assessed by MDA).