To clarify, when it comes to weight loss, the only thing that matters are calories in vs calories out. Macro composition does not matter.
With that in mind, relative to a high-carb diet, a low-carb diet has been shown to improve fasting plasma glucose and insulin levels, cholesterol levels, blood triglycerides, preserve muscle mass during weight loss, and other health markers.
(Common phrases used by users for this page include low carb diet for high triglycerides, low carb benefits for fitness, heart health benefits of low carb diets, content, benefits of a low carb diet, Golay A, et al. Similar weight loss with low- or high-carbohydrate diets. Am J Clin Nutr. (1996))
(Users who contributed to this page include Sol)